Encyclopedia Astronautica
Orion Sounding Rocket



orion.jpg
Orion
American sounding rocket. The Orion was a single stage, unguided, fin stabilized rocket system which used a surplus US Army Hawk surface-to-air-missile rocket motor having a dual thrust propellant grain. Three fins on the aft end of the motor were canted to roll the vehicle at four revolutions per second at burnout for stability. Improved performance could be obtained by using a Nike booster stage. Payload 38 kg to 88 km or 68 kg to 71 km.

The standard payload for the Orion had a principal diameter of 36 cm and utilized many nose cone shapes. The normal payload length varied from 1.8 to 2.5 meters although this was not the maximum envelope. Payload diameters as small as 11 cm were flown on the Orion. Performance characteristics were most favorable for 38 to 68 kg payloads. Standard hardware included a separable clamshell nose cone and an Orion standard ignition system. Separation systems could be provided to separate the payload from the motor during ascent.

Gross mass: 400 kg (880 lb).
Height: 5.60 m (18.30 ft).
Diameter: 0.35 m (1.14 ft).
Thrust: 7.00 kN (1,574 lbf).
Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).
First Launch: 1974.05.29.
Last Launch: 2011.02.23.
Number: 71 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Hawk American surface-to-air missile and sounding rocket family. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Bibliography
  • Brower, Kenneth, The Starship and the Canoe, Bantam, 1979.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Poker Flat Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1969 to present. Poker Flat Rocket Range (PFRR) contains five major launch pads. Pads 1 and 2 each have a 7.5K launcher, pads 3 and 4 each contain 20K MRL launchers, and pad 5 contains a 4K twin boom launcher. Pad 3 is equipped with a moveable launcher enclosure which can be used to protect a rocket on pad 3 and workers from the severe winter weather. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Natal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 233 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1100 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages

Orion Sounding Rocket Chronology


1974 May 29 - . 19:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.01WT.
  • Hawk Motor test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1974 November 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.02WT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1977 July 14 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 12.27GT.
  • Parachute test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1978 February 2 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR A-O-89.
  • A-OR-90 Orion 1 Range test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1978 September 13 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-91.
  • K-OR-91 Range test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1979 November 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.09IU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 July 14 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.03UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1980 October 7 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.10GU.
  • TY2-7688 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1980 October 11 - . 21:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.11GU.
  • TY2-7684 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1980 October 16 - . 18:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.04UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1980 October 18 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.12GU.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1981 February 27 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.07GU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1981 July 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.08UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1981 July 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.14UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1981 August 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.16UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1981 September 24 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.13UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1981 November 14 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-111.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1982 August 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.21GU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1983 January 13 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.15UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1983 January 13 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.18UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1983 April 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-117.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-129 DROPMAS.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1984 August 16 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.19UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 August 23 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.22UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 January 28 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.23UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 February 7 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.24UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 February 15 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR N-O-135.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 February 22 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR N-O-136.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 April 2 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.25UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 May 14 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-140.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 5 Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1985 September 7 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.26UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 September 10 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.28UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 September 17 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.27UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 October 16 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.31UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 November 20 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.33UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 February 17 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-143.
  • Strafam 2 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1987 May 6 - . 05:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-145.
  • RASMUS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1987 July 26 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.34UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.38UE.
  • MAC / Epsilon XRG Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.36UE.
  • MAC / Epsilon MAE F-75 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.37UE.
  • MAC / Epsilon MAE F-74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1988 December 6 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-163.
  • RASMUS 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1989 January 30 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-166.
  • Strafam 2 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1990 January 25 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-172.
  • Strafam 2 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1990 May 13 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.35UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1991 February 3 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-185.
  • Strafam 3 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-186.
  • RASMUS 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1992 September 21 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.40UP.
  • CSOAR Aeronomy / education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1993 February 27 - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-200.
  • Strafam 3 / 21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1994 February 19 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-207. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RASMUS 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1994 July 16 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.39UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1994 August 22 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.41UP.
1998 May 6 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.042NP.
  • Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1998 October 7 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-236.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1999 August 5 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.043NO.
  • Sub-SEM Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2000 January 30 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.044UP.
  • Student SRP-3 Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

2000 June 18 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.045NO.
  • Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2001 April 27 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.046UO.
  • Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

2001 June 6 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.048NO.
  • Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 June 6 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.53NO.
  • Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2003 June 6 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.55NO.
  • Student rocket Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2004 June 9 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.60NO.
  • Student rocket Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

2005 June 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2005 June 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2006 March 25 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.064DR.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; NAWC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2006 March 25 - . 13:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.065DR.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; NAWC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2006 June 8 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.072NO.
  • Student (SUBSEM) Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

2007 December 3 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket.
  • NCADE Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

2008 June 27 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.074NO.
2011 February 22 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket.
  • REXUS 9 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Summary: Microgravity experiments..

2011 February 23 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket.
  • REXUS 10 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Summary: Microgravity experiments..

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