Encyclopedia Astronautica
Orion-1


Argentinan sounding rocket. Technology test vehicle, used to verify rocket motor and technologies for Orion-2 sounding rocket.

Payload: 10 kg (22 lb) to a 80 km altitude.

Gross mass: 100 kg (220 lb).
Payload: 10 kg (22 lb).
Height: 3.00 m (9.80 ft).
Diameter: 0.21 m (0.68 ft).
Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).
First Launch: 1965.10.01.
Last Launch: 1966.07.01.
Number: 2 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
  • Argentina The Argentine Interplanetary Society was organized in the 1940's. In 1952 Argentina was one of the founding members of the International Astronautical Federation. From 1960 the Comision Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales (CNIE) worked with the Argentine Air Force's Instituto de Investigaciones Aeronauticas y Espaciales (IIAE) to develop indigenous sounding rockets and missiles. Argentina was the first country in Latin America to send an object into space using an indigenously-developed rocket. In the 1980's Argentina took part in a multinational effort to develop the Condor intermediate range missile. Under American pressure, the Condor Program was canceled in 1991, the IIAE and CNIE were dismantled, and further work on launch vehicles was banned. A new civilian space agency, CONAE was created, which concentrated on development of surveillance satellites for earth resource and environmental monitoring. More...

See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CONAE Argentinan agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Comision Nacional de Actividades Espaciales, Buenos Aires, Argentina. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • CELPA Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 92 launches from 1962 to 1974, reaching up to 406 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages

Orion-1 Chronology


1965 October 1 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-1. LV Configuration: Orion-1 No. 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 July 1 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-1. LV Configuration: Orion-1 No. 8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

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