Encyclopedia Astronautica
Orion-2


Argentinan sounding rocket. Single-stage solid-propellant sounding rocket first launched in 1965. The rocket could reach a top speed of 548 m/s.

Payload: 25 kg (55 lb) to a 160 km altitude. Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1966-11-07. Last Fail Date: 1966-11-07.

Gross mass: 100 kg (220 lb).
Payload: 25 kg (55 lb).
Height: 3.77 m (12.37 ft).
Diameter: 0.21 m (0.68 ft).
Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).
First Launch: 1966.05.19.
Last Launch: 1971.12.19.
Number: 22 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
  • Argentina The Argentine Interplanetary Society was organized in the 1940's. In 1952 Argentina was one of the founding members of the International Astronautical Federation. From 1960 the Comision Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales (CNIE) worked with the Argentine Air Force's Instituto de Investigaciones Aeronauticas y Espaciales (IIAE) to develop indigenous sounding rockets and missiles. Argentina was the first country in Latin America to send an object into space using an indigenously-developed rocket. In the 1980's Argentina took part in a multinational effort to develop the Condor intermediate range missile. Under American pressure, the Condor Program was canceled in 1991, the IIAE and CNIE were dismantled, and further work on launch vehicles was banned. A new civilian space agency, CONAE was created, which concentrated on development of surveillance satellites for earth resource and environmental monitoring. More...

See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CONAE Argentinan agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Comision Nacional de Actividades Espaciales, Buenos Aires, Argentina. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • CELPA Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 92 launches from 1962 to 1974, reaching up to 406 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Tartagal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 16 launches in 1966, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Mar Chiquita Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 69 launches from 1968 to 1976, reaching up to 430 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages

Orion-2 Chronology


1966 May 19 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 August 13 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 No. 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 September 1 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 No. 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 November 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 November 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 November 9 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1966 November 12 - . Launch Site: Tartagal. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 November 12 - . Launch Site: Tartagal. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 November 12 - . Launch Site: Tartagal. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 May 19 - . Launch Site: CELPA. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 BIO-1.
  • Rat payload - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 September 6 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 AER 1/67.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 September 7 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 AER 1/67-2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 September 7 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 AER 1/67-3.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 December 14 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 Rad 1/67.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1967 December 16 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 Rad 2/67.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1968 January 24 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 Rad 2/68.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 November 27 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 EXAMETNET C49.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1969 May 28 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 No. 26.
  • Biological mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1969 August 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 No. 27.
  • Biological mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1969 August 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 No. 31.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 May 3 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Chemical release / fields mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1971 December 19 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 Campus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

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