Encyclopedia Astronautica
Pantera


Norwegian hybrid single stage sounding rocket based on Lockheed Martin's HYSR technology.

Lockheed Martin-Michoud's involvement began through the Pantera Program, which provided a laser-enabled in-flight targeting system for Norway's air force. The single-stage rocket would be built by the Norwegian company Nammo Raufoss AS, but the design, engineering schematics, and vehicle assembly plan would be provided by Lockheed Martin-Michoud. The hybrid rocket would use liquid oxygen and rubberized HTPB as fuel. It would have a 31 kN thrust and a burn time of 30 to 35 seconds. Its peak altitude was expected to be between 55 and 75 kilometers. Lockheed Martin-Michoud obtained an International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) Manufacturing License Agreement from the U.S. Government to gain approval for the 17-month design and handoff project. A successful 20-second static firing of the rocket engine took place August 30, 2005 at Nammo Raufoss's test facility in Raufoss, Norway.

Status: Development.
Thrust: 31.00 kN (6,969 lbf).
Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

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Associated Countries
See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Nammo Norwegian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Nammo Raufoss AS, Norway. More...

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