Encyclopedia Astronautica
Pershing 2


American intermediate range ballistic missile. Cancelled

Failures: 1. Success Rate: 98.28%. First Fail Date: 1982-07-22. Last Fail Date: 1982-07-22. Maximum range: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Standard warhead: W85.

AKA: MGM-31C; Pershing II.
Gross mass: 7,500 kg (16,500 lb).
Height: 9.00 m (29.50 ft).
Diameter: 1.02 m (3.34 ft).
Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).
First Launch: 1982.07.22.
Last Launch: 1988.03.21.
Number: 58 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Pershing US Army tactical missile, the first and only solid-fueled Medium Range Ballistic Missile deployed by the U.S. Army. It was in service for almost 30 years until all nuclear MRBMs were phased out and destroyed according to arms reduction treaties. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Martin American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Martin Marietta Astronautics Group (1956), Denver, CO, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...
  • Fort Bliss Military testing range. In use from 1945 to present. Known to have been used for 75 major launches from 1963 to 2000, reaching up to 365 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cape Canaveral LC16 Titan, Pershing launch complex. Originally built for the Titan ballistic missile program in 1959. Supported Titan I and II launches from 1960 to 1964. Reassigned to NASA in 1965 for static firings of the Apollo service module propulsion engine. Deactivated in 1969, later reassigned to the U.S. Army, supported 128 Pershing ballistic missile launches 1974 -1988. Deactivated in accordance with the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. More...

Associated Stages
  • Pershing 2-2 Solid rocket stage. 134.00 kN (30,124 lbf) thrust. Mass 2,600 kg (5,732 lb). More...
  • Pershing 2-1 Solid rocket stage. 172.00 kN (38,667 lbf) thrust. Mass 4,100 kg (9,039 lb). More...

Pershing 2 Chronology


1982 July 22 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1982 November 19 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1983 January 21 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi).

1983 February 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2-1 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1983 February 9 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi).

1983 March 13 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2-1 6.
  • ED-4 (1-stage) - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1983 March 28 - . 15:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2 7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).

1983 April 10 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1983 April 24 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2-1 9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1983 May 6 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1983 May 27 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1983 June 2 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1983 June 19 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1983 June 24 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1983 July 16 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi).

1983 July 27 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1983 September 7 - . 17:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1983 September 18 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1984 May 16 - . 14:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1984 August 7 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1984 September 20 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1984 October 3 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1985 December 16 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1985 December 17 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1985 December 17 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 June 24 - . 13:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 June 24 - . 15:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 June 24 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 June 26 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 June 26 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 March 24 - . 13:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 March 24 - . 13:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 March 24 - . 14:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 March 24 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 March 24 - . 15:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 March 24 - . 16:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 May 21 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 May 21 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 May 21 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 May 21 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 May 21 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 May 21 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 27 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 27 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 27 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 27 - . 15:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 January 13 - . 14:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 February 15 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 February 15 - . 13:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 February 15 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 February 15 - . 15:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 February 15 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 February 15 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 March 21 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 March 21 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 March 21 - . 14:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 March 21 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 March 21 - . 16:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

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