Encyclopedia Astronautica
Petrel 2


British sounding rocket. Improved Petrel using four Chick boosters and a lengthened Lapwing second stage which provide 4.5 kN thrust for 40 seconds. Petrel 2's were also fired as targets for missile tests at Woomera.

Payload: 18 kg (39 lb) to a 175 km altitude. Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1979-09-24. Last Fail Date: 1979-09-24.

Gross mass: 160 kg (350 lb).
Payload: 18 kg (39 lb).
Height: 3.70 m (12.10 ft).
Diameter: 0.19 m (0.62 ft).
Thrust: 27.00 kN (6,069 lbf).
Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).
First Launch: 1977.10.16.
Last Launch: 1981.12.09.
Number: 12 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Petrel Petrel was a larger sounding rocket built by Bristol Aerojet using the same tube-launch technique as Skua. A total of 240 Petrels were launched from 1967-1982 from many sites around the world. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • El Arenosillo Spanish sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 335 launches from 1966 to 1994, reaching up to 700 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • Petrel 2-1 Solid rocket stage. 4.50 kN (1,012 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...

Petrel 2 Chronology


1977 October 16 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P207A.
  • Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1979 January 25 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P216K.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P215K.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 March 28 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P208A.
  • VLF waves Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P217E. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma injection Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1979 October 3 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P218E.
  • Plasma injection Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1980 July 26 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P223K.
  • VLF propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P221K.
  • EBC-C E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P220K.
  • EBC-B E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1980 November 30 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P222K.
  • EBC-A2 E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1981 February 7 - . 20:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P219K.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P225K.
  • Lithium / sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

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