Encyclopedia Astronautica
Polaris



wpolara1.jpg
Polaris A1
Credit: US Navy
American submarine-launched ballistic missile. Probably the most technically innovative program in history, Polaris integrated solid-propellant, inertially-guided intermediate range ballistic missiles with nuclear submarines that could remain submerged for months at a time. All of these were new technologies, but the first ship was underway only three years after go-ahead.

Failures: 67. Success Rate: 89.38%. First Fail Date: 1958-09-24. Last Fail Date: 2007-05-25. Launch data is: continuing. Development Cost $: 2,231.900 million. Recurring Price $: 2.813 million in 1965 dollars. Flyaway Unit Cost $: 1.460 million in 1961 dollars. Total Number Built: 1092. Total Development Built: 87. Total Production Built: 1005.

Status: Active.
First Launch: 1958.01.11.
Last Launch: 2007.09.28.
Number: 631 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Early Spring American military anti-satellite system. Studied from 1960, officially cancelled, but possibly developed further as a black program. Early Spring was a conventional ASAT launched by Polaris missiles from US Navy ballistic missile submarines. More...

See also
  • Polaris Probably the most technically innovative program in history, Polaris integrated solid-propellant, inertially-guided intermediate range ballistic missiles with nuclear submarines that could remain submerged for months at a time. All of these were new technologies, but the first ship was underway only three years after go-ahead. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Lockheed American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Lockheed Martin, Sunnyvale, CA, USA. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Emme, Eugene M, Aeronautics and Astronautics: An American Chronology of Science and Technology in the Exploration of Space 1915-1960, NASA, 1961. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Gunston, Bill,, Rockets and Missiles, Salamander, London, 1979.
  • Nicholas, Ted G., U.S. Missile Data Book, 1983, Seventh Edition, Data Search Associates, Fountain Valley, California, 1982..
  • Parsch, Andreas, DesignationSystems.Net, Web Address when accessed: here.

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