Encyclopedia Astronautica

Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian derivative of the German Wasserfall, an interim design between the R-101 and R-108. The missile did not reach flight test stage before it was cancellation in 1951.

The R-109 was an interim version of the R-101, between the R-101 and the ultimate R-108, which would use air-pressurised kerosene fuel and a new Russian feed system, resulting in a more economical size and weight of pressurant bottles. This version had a payload of 500 kg and a longer range than the German Wasserfall or the R-101. It also featured more compact radio guidance and electronics, and auto-stabilisation in flight. There were improvements as well in camouflage and anti-countermeasures.

Status: Cancelled 1951.

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Sinilshchikov Russian manufacturer of rockets. Sinilshchikov Design Bureau, Korolev, Russia. More...

  • Yeftifyev, M D, Iz istorii sozdaniya zenito-raketnovo shchita rossii, Vuzovskaya kniga, Moscow, 2000. Web Address when accessed: here.

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