Encyclopedia Astronautica
R-2A


Russian intermediate range ballistic suborbital launch vehicle. The R-2A was designed for scientific research at altitudes of up to 200 km, including properties of the atmosphere from 150-200 km; ultraviolet observations of the sun; recovery of animals from flights to 200 km altitude; and study of the ionosphere at altitudes of 150-200 km.

Success Rate: 100.00%.

Gross mass: 20,300 kg (44,700 lb).
Height: 17.00 m (55.00 ft).
Diameter: 1.65 m (5.41 ft).
Thrust: 363.00 kN (81,605 lbf).
Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).
First Launch: 1957.04.12.
Last Launch: 1962.05.21.
Number: 47 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Early Russian Ballistic Missiles The true configuration of the world's first ICBM, the R-7, was revealed only in 1967, ten years after its first test. The Soviet N1 moon rocket was only revealed in 1990, 21 years after its first launch. At the same time, other Russian ballistic missiles were routinely paraded before the cameras of the world press even before they went into service. The extraordinary sensitivity of the Soviet leadership over these Korolev designs may be traced to the fact that they derived from the work of the Groettrup German rocket engineering team. More...
  • R-2 The Soviet R-2 ballistic missile was developed in 1947-1953, nearly in parallel with the R-1 from which it derived. It incorporated many detailed improvements, had double the range of the R-1 and V-2, and was equipped with a deadly radiological warhead. The ethyl alcohol used in the V-2 and R-1 was replaced by methyl alcohol in the R-2, eliminating the problem of the launch troops drinking up the rocket fuel. Versions of the R-2 for suborbital manned flight were studied by Korolev in 1956-1958, but it was decided instead to move directly to orbital flights of the Vostok. However some equipment tested on the R-2 found its way onto canine flights of Sputnik and Vostok. The R-2 design was transferred to China in 1957 to 1961, providing the technical basis of the Chinese rocket industry. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
  • Kapustin Yar V-2 V-2, RT-15, R-5, R-2, R-17, R-11, R-1, Pioner, MR-12, M-100, Kosmos 3, Kosmos 2, RT-1, R-13, MMR-06, MERA launch complex. V-2 Launch Area More...

Associated Stages
  • R-2 Lox/Alcohol propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 19,632/4,592 kg. Thrust 404.11 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 237 seconds. Payload 1350 / 508 kg. Range 550 km. Maximum altitude 171 km. Time of flight 7.5 minutes. Max velocity at burnout 2175 m/s. Accuracy 8 km in range, 4 km laterally. More...

R-2A Chronology


1957 April 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 April 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 May 16 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • First operational R-2A launch; carried dogs. - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1957 May 16 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A. LV Configuration: R-2A No. 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1957 May 16 - . 03:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Test / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1957 May 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Second operational R-2A launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).
  • Test / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1957 June 7 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 June 10 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 June 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 June 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 June 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 June 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 July 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 July 5 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 August 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • SOI Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 August 25 - . 02:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A. LV Configuration: R-2A No. 3.
  • Ionosphere / biological mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1957 August 25 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1957 August 31 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A. LV Configuration: R-2A No. 4.
  • Ionosphere / biological mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1957 September 9 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A. LV Configuration: R-2A No. 5.
  • Ionosphere / biological mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1958 July 2 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1958 July 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 2 - . 05:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A. LV Configuration: R-2A No. 6.
  • Ionosphere / biological mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1958 August 7 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • R-2A launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).
  • Ionosphere / biological mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1958 August 17 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 27 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Ionosphere / biological mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1958 October 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 June 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • R-2A launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1959 July 2 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • R-2A flight - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi). Summary: Carried dogs Otvazhnaya and Snezhinka, rabbit Marfusha..
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy / biological mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1959 July 10 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A. LV Configuration: R-2A No. 10.
  • Solar ultraviolet / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 July 14 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1959 July 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1960 June 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Carried dogs (Otvazhnaya and one unnamed). - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 June 23 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A. LV Configuration: R-2A No. 13.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy / biological mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 June 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Carried dogs, final operational R-2A launch. - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1960 July 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 July 7 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 July 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 July 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 September 16 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy / biological mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1960 September 22 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1962 May 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use