Encyclopedia Astronautica
Rif


Russian orbital launch vehicle. R-39 SLBM adapted for use as suborbital test vehicle or orbital launch vehicle.

Success Rate: 100.00%. Maximum range: 8,300 km (5,100 mi).

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 84,000 kg (185,000 lb).
Height: 16.00 m (52.00 ft).
Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft).
Thrust: 2,060.00 kN (463,100 lbf).
Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).
First Launch: 1980.01.01.
Last Launch: 2003.12.11.
Number: 83 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Makeyev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Makeyev Design Bureau, Kolomna, Russia. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Arctic Ocean Sounding rocket launches made from naval vessels in the Arctic accounted for 9 launches from 1952 to 2006, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • White Sea Launch Area Submarine-launched ballistic missile area known to have been used for 27 launches from 1955 to 2007, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Sea-launched Sounding rocket launched from a naval vessel at an undocumented location. 2001 launches from 1956 to 2008, reaching up to 35,820 kilometers altitude, fall into this category. More...
  • Barents Sea Launch Area Submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area known to have been used for 119 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Nenoksa Primary missile testing range of the Russian Navy. Known to have been used for 22 launches from 1965 to 1997, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude, but the number of actual missile tests was in the hundreds. More...

Associated Stages
  • Grom-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 25,000 kg. More...
  • R-39-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 53,700 kg. Thrust 2,060.00 kN. More...
  • Rif-3 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 10,000 kg. More...

Rif Chronology


1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 October 3 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 5 59A/45x.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1980 December 3 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 6 54A/46x.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1981 January 27 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 21 34x/51x.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 April 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 9 38x/50x.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 April 22 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 8 31P/53x.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1981 November 27 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 10 38P/56A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 December 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 December 22 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 13 37P/63A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 January 28 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 16 37A/66A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 February 12 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 17 41P/70A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 March 3 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 23 47A/67A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 April 11 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 14 41P/73A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 April 23 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 18 76A/74A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 June 9 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 20 75/76.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 June 29 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 30 79/82.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 July 21 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 27 -.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 July 22 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 31 83/84.
  • Mil variant - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 August 12 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 33 54P/85.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 August 12 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 24 82/88.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 19 72/75.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 22 61A/86.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 29 86/87.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 October 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1982 October 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Silo Test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 October 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1982 October 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1982 December 2 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 34 84/Akv.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 36.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 35 63/.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 37.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: BELA. Launch Platform: TAIFUN. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: BELA. Launch Platform: TAIFUN. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 June 27 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 12 95/.
  • Kura - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 August 25 - . Launch Site: Arctic Ocean. Launch Pad: 90.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-20. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 October 23 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1999 November 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 November 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2003 December 11 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • RSM-52M / R-39UTTKh / Grom test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

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