Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian surface-to-air missile. Enormous surface-to-air missile developed by Grushin after the failure of the Dal project. Deployed in limited numbers and exported to countries in the mideast to defend against American high-altitude, high-speed SR-71 reconnaissance aircraft.
In the 1960's Grushin developed the 5V21 missile for the S-200 Angara surface-to-air missile system. This had a range of over 150 km and incorporated several new principles. It was equipped with the first semi-active radar homing head. The aerodynamic surfaces automatically adjusted according to the velocity and altitude of the rocket. In the Mideast, this missile successfully intercepted Israeli reconnaissance aircraft at a range of 190 km in the 1980's. This performance was unmatched in the world. The missile was used as the booster for the experimental Kholod hypersonic scramjet. Two launches of this were made on 28 November 1991 and 17 November 1992 as part of an experimental program run by TsIAM.
Maximum target speed 4300 kph. One missile per launch vehicle. Western sources mixed this missile up with the Dal system, later code-named Gammon, with lateral boosters. Vega/Dubna code names used as well.
Radars: 5N69 Big Back early warning radar, D band, range 500 km. P-35M/1RL139 Bar Lock-B target acquisition radar, E/F band, range 320 km. 5N62 Square Pair target tracking radar, H band, range 270 km. PRV-11 Side Net height finding radar, E band, range 180 km.
Standard warhead: 217 kg (478 lb). Maximum range: 150 km (90 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Maximum speed: 4,900 kph (3,000 mph). Minimum range: 7.00 km (4.30 mi). Initial Operational Capability: 1967. Total Number Built: 2000. Floor: 300 m (980 ft).
AKA: SA-5; S-200; Gammon; Angara; V-860.
More... - Chronology...
Gross mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb).
Payload: 217 kg (478 lb).
Height: 10.60 m (34.70 ft).
Diameter: 0.86 m (2.82 ft).
Span: 2.90 m (9.50 ft).
Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).
Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
S-200 Enormous surface-to-air missile developed by Grushin after the failure of the Dal project. Deployed in limited numbers and exported to countries in the mideast to defend against American high-altitude, high-speed SR-71 reconnaissance aircraft. More...
missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Almaz Russian manufacturer of rockets. Almaz Design Bureau, Moscow, Russia. More...
Grushin Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Fakel Machine Building Design Bureau named for P D Grushin, Khimki, Russia. More...
Parsch, Andreas, DesignationSystems.Net, Web Address when accessed: here.
Yeftifyev, M D, Iz istorii sozdaniya zenito-raketnovo shchita rossii, Vuzovskaya kniga, Moscow, 2000. Web Address when accessed: here.
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