Encyclopedia Astronautica
S-210


Japanese sounding rocket. Single stage ionospheric sounding rocket used for research from Japan's Antarctic base.

The S-210 (S for single stage; 210 for 210 mm diameter) rocket was designed for low-cost observations of the ionosphere above 100 km altitude. The S-160 sub-scale version of the rocket proved the design concepts. The first two launches of the full sized versions in 1966-1967, .PT-210-1 and -2, were failures, with the motor case burning through. After redesign of the case and improved quality control, S-210-1 and -2 were successfully launched in August 1969. Following further successful tests in Japan in 1970-1971, the rocket was cleared for intensive use at the Japanese Antarctic base at Syowa in 1972-1978.

The rocket motor used butadiene propellant, which has good low temperature properties suited for use at the South Pole. The tapered circular grain provided 17 seconds of thrust. The combustion chamber was of chrome molybdenum steel, protected by a phenol resin-quartz glass fiber ablative covering. Stabilization was by a spin motor that produced 2 revolutions-per-second.

Success Rate: 100.00%.

Status: Retired 1982.
Gross mass: 300 kg (660 lb).
Height: 5.20 m (17.00 ft).
Diameter: 0.21 m (0.68 ft).
Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).
First Launch: 1966.08.06.
Last Launch: 1982.09.12.
Number: 47 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • S Series of Japanese single-stage sounding rockets designed for low-cost observations of the ionosphere. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Nissan Japanese manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Nissan, Japan. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kagoshima Japanese launch center for solid fueled sounding rockets and satellite launchers. Limited to two months a year due to disturbance of local fisheries. More...
  • Syowa Base Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 54 launches from 1970 to 1985, reaching up to 222 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages

S-210 Chronology


1966 August 6 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210 PT-210-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1967 March 11 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210 PT-210-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1969 August 7 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-1.
  • Plasma / fields / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1969 August 8 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-2.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1970 January 17 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-3.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1970 September 28 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-5.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1971 January 16 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1971 June 24 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-4.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1971 July 21 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-3.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1971 August 10 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-1.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1971 September 13 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-5.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1971 September 24 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-2.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1971 December 3 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-6.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1972 January 21 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-6.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1972 January 29 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210 DT-210-1.
  • Structural Dynamics test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 February 11 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-12.
  • Mass spectrometer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1972 February 17 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-7.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1972 May 13 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-9.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1972 May 15 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-10.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1972 August 7 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-11.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1972 August 11 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-8.
  • Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 21:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-7.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1973 January 15 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-8.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1973 February 14 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-16.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1973 March 25 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-14.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1973 April 22 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-17.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1973 June 10 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-13.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1973 June 11 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-15.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1973 July 15 - . 16:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-19.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1973 August 19 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-9.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1973 August 22 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-18.
  • Auroral arc Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1974 August 20 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-10.
  • NNP / NEL / TEL Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1976 January 25 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-22.
  • NO / Ne Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1976 June 24 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-20.
  • VLF / HF / ne Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1976 July 26 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-21.
  • VLF / HF / ne / ISIS-2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1976 August 16 - . 23:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-24.
  • E / B / ne Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1976 August 17 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-11.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1976 September 1 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-25.
  • E / B / ne Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1976 September 13 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-23.
  • NO / Ne / ISIS-2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1977 March 27 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-28.
  • NO / O3 / Ne Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1977 April 11 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-26.
  • NO / O3 / Ne Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1977 July 12 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-29.
  • E / B / ne / ISIS-2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1977 August 10 - . 12:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-27.
  • NO airglow Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1977 September 15 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-12.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1978 January 28 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-30.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1978 February 6 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-31.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1982 September 12 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-13.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

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