Encyclopedia Astronautica
S-225



vs200mw.jpg
S-200
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian anti-ballistic missile. Anti-ballistic missile system developed in parallel with the A-35, but not put into production.

In 1965-1978 A A Raspletin at NPO Almaz developed, as an alternative to the A-35 system, the universal anti-missile, anti-aircraft S-225 surface-to-air missile. This was to have provided a two-echelon anti-ballistic missile system. A phased array radar would locate the incoming target, and feed the data to a command-computing point. A station of command translation would generate the needed commands to launch either a 5Ya26 missile, developed by EKBM Novator; or a 5Ya27 missile, developed by MKB Fakel. The long range radar stations RO-1 and RO-2 were to be equipped with the Donets radar system. Both the shorter and longer range missiles were equipped with a nuclear warhead and command guidance system. The system was not put into production.

Failures: 1. Success Rate: 80.00%. First Fail Date: 1967-07-27. Last Fail Date: 1967-07-27. Launch data is: complete.

AKA: V-825; 5Ya26; 5Ya27; S-225.
Status: Retired 1977.
Gross mass: 16,600 kg (36,500 lb).
Height: 18.50 m (60.60 ft).
Diameter: 1.30 m (4.20 ft).
Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).
First Launch: 1967.07.27.
Last Launch: 1982.06.18.
Number: 10 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Grushin Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Fakel Machine Building Design Bureau named for P D Grushin, Khimki, Russia. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Yeftifyev, M D, Iz istorii sozdaniya zenito-raketnovo shchita rossii, Vuzovskaya kniga, Moscow, 2000. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Sary Shagan Primary Soviet anti-ballistic missile test site. Known to have been used for 85 launches from 1958 to 2007, reaching up to 300 kilometers altitude. The actual number of missile tests ran into the thousands. More...

Associated Stages

S-225 Chronology


1967 July 27 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dummy test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1971 February 16 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1973 November 27 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225. LV Configuration: PRS-1 5Ya26.
  • Test - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1976 October 29 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225.
  • Intercept - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1977 July 28 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225.
  • Intercept - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225. LV Configuration: PRS-1 5Ya26.
  • Test - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1981 Jul - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225. LV Configuration: PRS-1 5Ya26.
  • Test - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1982 Apr - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225. LV Configuration: PRS-1 5Ya26.
  • Intercept Test - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1982 June 18 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225. LV Configuration: PRS-1 5Ya26.
  • Intercept Test - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

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