Russian surface-to-air missile. Original version of the S-300 system for the PVO Air Defence Force using the 5V55R missile
Maximum target speed, 3 km/sec. Reaction time 28 seconds. 5 minutes time to set-up or depart launch site for shoot-and-scoot. 24 targets can be tracked, and four missiles guided simultaneously to 4 seperate targets. 96-192 missiles per firing unit depending on mix of models.
A system on the march consists of the following vehicles:
- 40V6M/M1/M2 mast assemblies for HF and TTR
- ChMAP/5P85-1 semi-trailer with 4 missile tubes for S-300P
- F-9 shelter unit for radar operators (S-300P/PM)
- 5P85T trailer (towed by KRAZ-260 truck) with 4 missile tubes for S-300PM
- 5P85SU TEL with 4 missile tubes and command post for S-300PMU
- 5P85DU TEL with 4 missile tubes for S-300PMU
- 1T12-2M site survey vehicle
- 5T58 missile transport vehicle
- 22T6 loading vehicle
- Baikal-1 command vehicle
- 30N6 mounted on MAZ-543M heavy truck for S-300PMU
Radars: 36D6 Tin Shield early warning radar, E/F band, range 165 km. 64N6 Big Bird target acquisition radar, E/F band, range 300 km. 5N63 Flap Lid A target tracking radar, I/J band, range 200 km.
Standard warhead: 133 kg (293 lb). Maximum range: 47 km (29 mi). Minimum range: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Floor: 25 m (82 ft).
AKA: SA-10; V-500; Grumble; S-300P; 48N6.
More... - Chronology...
Payload: 133 kg (293 lb).
Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).
Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
S-300 Third generation family of surface-to-air missiles developed in the 1970's based on new principles. The same launch system could use either 5V55 or 48N6 series missiles, of both mid- and long-range types. More...
missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Almaz Russian manufacturer of rockets. Almaz Design Bureau, Moscow, Russia. More...
Grushin Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Fakel Machine Building Design Bureau named for P D Grushin, Khimki, Russia. More...
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