Encyclopedia Astronautica
S-310


Japanese sounding rocket. The S-310 was a mid-sized single-stage sounding rocket designed to reach an altitude of 200 km.

The S-310 went into a 2.8 deg/sec spin during ascent, induced by its canted tail fins. This eliminated the stability problem of the earlier S-300. The thrust programming was designed to peak half way through the burn, followed by a lower constant thrust burn through the maximum aerodynamic force portion of the ascent. This increased vehicle altitude, while relieving aerodynamic heating.

The chamber was made of chromium-molybdenum steel. The single CTPB composite propellant grain had two different wagon-wheel void configurations. The aft portion of the grain was consumed first, resulting in the dual-thrust profile. The tail fins were made of a solid titanium plate, with a composite ogive nose cone.

In the payload bay a yo-yo despin system, actuated 50 sec. after lift-off, reduced the spin to 1 deg/sec during the payload observation period.

The first flight of S-310 in January 1975 was successful, and it was later launched from both the Kagoshima Space Center at Uchinoura and Showa Station in Antarctica.

Success Rate: 100.00%.

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb).
Height: 6.80 m (22.30 ft).
Diameter: 0.31 m (1.01 ft).
Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).
First Launch: 1975.01.01.
Last Launch: 2009.01.26.
Number: 47 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • S Series of Japanese single-stage sounding rockets designed for low-cost observations of the ionosphere. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ISAS Japanese agency overseeing development of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kagoshima Japanese launch center for solid fueled sounding rockets and satellite launchers. Limited to two months a year due to disturbance of local fisheries. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Syowa Base Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 54 launches from 1970 to 1985, reaching up to 222 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages

S-310 Chronology


1975 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1975 August 30 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1976 February 13 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310JA-1.
  • VLF / HF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1976 August 21 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1977 February 10 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310JA-2.
  • VLF / HF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1977 July 26 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310JA-3.
  • VLF / plasma / B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1977 September 21 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1979 January 19 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-6.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1979 January 31 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-5.
  • Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1979 September 15 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-7.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 February 2 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-8.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1981 January 21 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-9.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1981 August 24 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-10.
  • Test / aurora / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1981 September 7 - . 09:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-11.
  • Submillimeter atmospheric spectra Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1982 September 25 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 September 12 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-13.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1983 September 16 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-14.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1984 April 4 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310JA-8.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1984 May 3 - . 22:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310JA-9.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1984 May 28 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310JA-10.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1985 February 7 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-15.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1985 May 29 - . 00:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310JA-11.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1985 July 12 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310JA-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1986 February 1 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-16.
  • E-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1986 September 6 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-17.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1988 January 28 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-18.
  • D-region Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1989 February 1 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-19.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1990 January 27 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-20.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1992 January 28 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-21.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1994 February 15 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-22.
  • NNP / AIR / NID / NEL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1994 November 24 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-23.
  • NNP / AIR / NID / NEL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1996 February 11 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-24.
  • NTV-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1996 August 20 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-26.
  • SEEK-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1996 August 26 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-25.
  • SEEK-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1998 January 25 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-27.
  • SEEK Ozone Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1999 February 2 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-28.
  • SELENE RF / X-ray test Ionosphere / x-ray mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

2000 January 9 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-29.
  • WAVE2000 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

2002 February 6 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-30.
  • NTV-2 Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2002 August 3 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-31.
  • SEEK-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

2002 August 3 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-32.
  • SEEK-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2004 January 17 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-33.
  • WAVE2004 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

2004 August 9 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-34.
  • Solar Sails Technology mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

2004 December 13 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya U3. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-35.
  • DELTA 2004 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

2006 January 22 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-36.
  • Furoshiki Technology test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2007 January 16 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-37.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2008 February 6 - . 11:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310 S-310-38.
  • VLF/Chaff - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

2009 January 26 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • S-310-39 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: JAXA. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Summary: Launch in the Japanese Delta-2 project. It investigated the upper atmospheric dynamics and energetics in the polar lower thermosphere by releasing trimethyl aluminum (TMA) along the trajectory and then observing the gas from three different locations..

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