Encyclopedia Astronautica
Sandhawk


American sounding rocket. The Sandhawk motor was developed for Sandia primarily for use in multi-stage rockets launched in support of Atomic Energy Agency activities. It was however flown as a single-stage vehicle in initial tests of the motor and some subsequent scientific mission.s

Failures: 2. Success Rate: 94.59%. First Fail Date: 1966-08-10. Last Fail Date: 1966-09-15. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1977.
Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb).
Height: 7.53 m (24.70 ft).
Diameter: 0.33 m (1.08 ft).
Span: 1.35 m (4.42 ft).
Thrust: 80.00 kN (17,984 lbf).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).
First Launch: 1966.08.10.
Last Launch: 1974.11.10.
Number: 8 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Sandhawk The Sandhawk motor was developed for Sandia primarily for use in multi-stage rockets launched in support of Atomic Energy Agency activities. It was however flown as a single-stage vehicle in initial tests of the motor and some subsequent scientific mission.s More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Sandia American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Sandia Laboratories, Albequerque, USA. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Alway, Peter, Rockets of the World, Saturn Press, Ann Arbor, 1995.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Tonopah Sounding rocket and test vehicle launch site. Conducted launches in support of US nuclear weapons development programs. Known to have been used for 93 launches from 1957 to 1986, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Johnston Island US military base on this island in the Pacific Ocean. Used for rocket-launched nuclear tests in the 1950's. In the 1960's it was the site for the operational AFP-437 anti-satellite system. The system was retired in 1975. Several sounding rockets were also launched over the years, either in support of nuclear tests or in experiments related to anti-satellite technology. Known to have been used for 124 launches from 1958 to 1975, reaching up to 1158 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Barking Sands Military missile test and sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1962 to present. Sandia National Laboratories operates the Kauai Test Facility for the Department of Energy and, through inter-Service Support Agreements provides the Barking Sands Pacific Missile Range Facility with rocket launch services for target systems and upper atmosphere measurements. PMRF/KTF is recognized in the INF Treaty as an authorized site from which launches of the STARS missile can be conducted. The site was recently involved in anti-ballistic missile tests. Known to have been used for 2320 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages

Sandhawk Chronology


1966 August 10 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk. LV Configuration: Sandhawk Sandia 281-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 September 15 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk. LV Configuration: Sandhawk Sandia 281-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 January 17 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk. LV Configuration: Sandhawk Sandia 281-3.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1967 May 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk. LV Configuration: Sandhawk Sandia 281-5.
  • Dart Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1967 May 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk. LV Configuration: Sandhawk Sandia 281-4.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1967 September 27 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk. LV Configuration: Sandhawk Sandia 281-6.
  • Dart Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1968 August 23 - . 04:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk. LV Configuration: Sandhawk Sandia 152-?.
  • LRL AXE-2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1974 November 10 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk. LV Configuration: Sandhawk Sandia 281-3.
  • LEINAX III X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi). Summary: LEINAX III - USAF plasma physics experiment. Detected cosmic soft x-rays..

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