Encyclopedia Astronautica
Skua 4


British sounding rocket. Skua 4 was further enhanced to take a 7.5 kg paylaod to 140 km altitude. The vehicle used four Chick boosters and an improved Bantam upper stage.

Payload: 7.50 kg (16.50 lb) to a 140 km altitude.

Gross mass: 83 kg (184 lb).
Payload: 7.50 kg (16.50 lb).
Height: 2.80 m (9.10 ft).
Diameter: 0.13 m (0.42 ft).
Thrust: 27.00 kN (6,069 lbf).
Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).
First Launch: 1974.01.19.
Last Launch: 1981.12.09.
Number: 10 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Skua In 1959, the Royal Meteorological Office's High Altitude Research Unit contracted with Bristol Aerojet and RPE Wescott to develop a low-cost meteorological rocket designed to reach altitudes of 80 km. The resulting Skua design consisted of Chick boosters which burned for 0.2 seconds to blast the rocket 20 m above the 5 m launch tube. Then the Bantam second stage would ignite and boost the payload to altitude. Four Skua variants were flown over the years. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • El Arenosillo Spanish sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 335 launches from 1966 to 1994, reaching up to 700 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages

Skua 4 Chronology


1974 January 19 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 M4SCL-7401.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1974 January 21 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 MS4CLO-7401.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 MS4CLO-7402.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1974 January 25 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 MS4CLO-7403.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1975 January 30 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 S4CL0-75001.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1975 May 7 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 M S CL -75002.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 INTA MS4CL-76001.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 INTA MS4CLO-76002.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1976 February 5 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 INTA MS4CLO-76003.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 E8.
  • EBC81 E8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

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