Encyclopedia Astronautica
Skylark 12


British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Raven 11 + 1 x Cuckoo 4. The AC version uses an uprated Goldfinch II booster. The Raven XI is loaded with 990 kg of propellant and produced 2500 kN-sec total impulse over 39 seconds. The Cuckoo IV stage provides 452 kN-sec impulse over 15 seconds.

Payload: 200 kg (440 lb) to a 575 km altitude. Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1985-03-03. Last Fail Date: 1985-03-03.

Gross mass: 2,135 kg (4,706 lb).
Payload: 200 kg (440 lb).
Height: 13.00 m (42.00 ft).
Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft).
Apogee: 575 km (357 mi).
First Launch: 1976.11.21.
Last Launch: 1990.11.25.
Number: 14 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Skylark The Skylark sounding rocket (originally named the Gassiot High Altitude Vehicle) was produced by the Royal Aircraft Establishment and first introduced in 1957, during the International Geophysical Year. It remained in European service until 2005. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Launch Sites
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Natal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 233 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1100 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • Skylark 12-2 Solid rocket stage. 105.00 kN (23,605 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,300 kg (2,866 lb). More...
  • Skylark 4-1 Solid rocket stage. 175.00 kN (39,342 lbf) thrust. Mass 400 kg (882 lb). More...

Skylark 12 Chronology


1976 November 21 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1422.
  • Supra-thermal particles Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 715 km (444 mi).

1976 December 11 - . 00:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1425.
  • UK High Latitude Campaign Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi).

1977 October 13 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-85.
  • T / NL 3A Dagmar Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi).

1977 October 13 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1423.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 788 km (489 mi).

1977 November 2 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-87.
  • T / NL 1B Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi).

1977 November 17 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1421.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 718 km (446 mi).

1978 January 30 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-86.
  • T / NL 4C Gitti Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 540 km (330 mi).

1978 January 30 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-88.
  • T / NL 2D Susanne Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi).

1978 November 10 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1424.
  • VLF waves / TMA Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi).

1984 January 27 - . 19:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-131.
  • CAESAR I Auroral mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1985 January 30 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-134.
  • CAESAR 2 Auroral mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 703 km (436 mi).

1985 March 3 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR N-GRC-137. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Interzodiak 1 Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1988 September 3 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR N-GRC-158.
  • Interzodiak 2 Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 857 km (532 mi).

1990 November 25 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR K-GRC-184.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 534 km (331 mi).

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use