Encyclopedia Astronautica
Skylark 1


British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Raven 8 + 1 x Raven 1/1A/2A

Failures: 2. First Fail Date: 1958-06-05. Last Fail Date: 1959-07-23.

Gross mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb).
Height: 7.50 m (24.60 ft).
Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft).
Thrust: 44.00 kN (9,891 lbf).
Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).
First Launch: 1957.02.13.
Last Launch: 1978.08.13.
Number: 21 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Skylark The Skylark sounding rocket (originally named the Gassiot High Altitude Vehicle) was produced by the Royal Aircraft Establishment and first introduced in 1957, during the International Geophysical Year. It remained in European service until 2005. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Launch Sites
  • Woomera After World War II British government recognized the need for a large range to test the incredible array of long-range missile systems then planned. After considering sites in Canada, it was decided that Australia would best meet the projected needs. The Long Range Weapons Establishment was created on 1 April 1947 as a joint British/Australian enterprise. 23 days later the name Woomera (an aboriginal word of axtlaxtl, or spear thrower) was selected for the new town to be built as its administrative center. Woomera town peaked at a population of 6,000 in the 1960's. Thereafter the progressive cancellation of British missile and space projects put Woomera went into sustained decline. However it played a key role in the history of rocketry, including orbital launches or launch attempts by Black Arrow, Sparta, and Europa boosters. More...
  • Salto di Quirra Salto di Quirra, in southeast Sardinia near the town of Perdas de Fogu, is an inter-service missile test center operated by the Italian Air Force. It also supports sounding rocket launches and test of larger rockets in support of Italy's abandoned ballistic missile and on-and-of satellite launcher programs. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Woomera LA2 Stonechat, Skylark, Rook, Jaguar, Black Brant, Lorikeet, Long Tom, Kookaburra, HAD, Corella, Cockatoo, Aero High launch complex. Sounding rocket launcher More...

Associated Stages
  • Skylark 1-1 Solid rocket stage. 44.50 kN (10,004 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,000 kg (2,205 lb). More...

Skylark 1 Chronology


1957 February 13 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark-1 SL01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1957 May 22 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark-1 SL02.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1957 July 23 - . 03:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark-1 SL03.
  • Photometers Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1957 November 13 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark-1 SL04.
  • Grenade / Chaff / Sodium release Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1958 April 1 - . 20:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark-1 SL06.
  • Dummy probe test - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 42 km (26 mi).

1958 April 17 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark-1 SL07.
  • Grenade / Chaff / Sodium release Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1958 June 5 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark-1 SL22. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1958 December 3 - . 10:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark-1 SL11.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1959 July 23 - . 01:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark-1 SL24. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1966 October 25 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 SL322.
  • Electron ne / T Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1968 March 26 - . 23:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 S16/1.
  • ESRO S16 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1968 October 9 - . 04:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 SL791R.
  • UK SL791R test - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1970 January 24 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 S56A/1.
  • ESRO S56A / 1 Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 July 3 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 S63/2.
  • ESRO S63 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 July 8 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 S63/1.
  • ESRO S63 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 July 23 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 S56A/2.
  • ESRO S56A / 2 Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1970 July 24 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 S65/1.
  • ESRO S65 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1970 July 27 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 S65/2.
  • ESRO S65 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1971 May 14 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 S56B/2.
  • ESRO S56B / 2 Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 SSC S26/1 ION.
  • SSC S26A Noctilucent Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1978 August 13 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 SSC S26/2 ION.
  • SSC S26B Ion Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use