Encyclopedia Astronautica
Skylark 3


British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 6

Failures: 2. Success Rate: 94.12%. First Fail Date: 1966-11-26. Last Fail Date: 1970-03-22.

Gross mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb).
Height: 12.70 m (41.60 ft).
Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft).
Thrust: 80.00 kN (17,984 lbf).
Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).
First Launch: 1964.12.16.
Last Launch: 1977.02.08.
Number: 34 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Skylark The Skylark sounding rocket (originally named the Gassiot High Altitude Vehicle) was produced by the Royal Aircraft Establishment and first introduced in 1957, during the International Geophysical Year. It remained in European service until 2005. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Launch Sites
  • Woomera After World War II British government recognized the need for a large range to test the incredible array of long-range missile systems then planned. After considering sites in Canada, it was decided that Australia would best meet the projected needs. The Long Range Weapons Establishment was created on 1 April 1947 as a joint British/Australian enterprise. 23 days later the name Woomera (an aboriginal word of axtlaxtl, or spear thrower) was selected for the new town to be built as its administrative center. Woomera town peaked at a population of 6,000 in the 1960's. Thereafter the progressive cancellation of British missile and space projects put Woomera went into sustained decline. However it played a key role in the history of rocketry, including orbital launches or launch attempts by Black Arrow, Sparta, and Europa boosters. More...
  • Salto di Quirra Salto di Quirra, in southeast Sardinia near the town of Perdas de Fogu, is an inter-service missile test center operated by the Italian Air Force. It also supports sounding rocket launches and test of larger rockets in support of Italy's abandoned ballistic missile and on-and-of satellite launcher programs. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Woomera LA2 Stonechat, Skylark, Rook, Jaguar, Black Brant, Lorikeet, Long Tom, Kookaburra, HAD, Corella, Cockatoo, Aero High launch complex. Sounding rocket launcher More...

Associated Stages
  • Skylark 3-2 Solid rocket stage. 52.50 kN (11,802 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,200 kg (2,646 lb). More...
  • Zenit C-0 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 200 kg. Thrust 80.00 kN. More...

Skylark 3 Chronology


1964 December 16 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL88A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1965 March 3 - . 04:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL87B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL88B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1966 March 16 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL581.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1966 July 28 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL88C.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1966 November 26 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S11/2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S11 / 2 (SK16) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1967 April 4 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL426.
  • X-ray survey / ne Solar x-ray / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1967 April 20 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL425.
  • X-ray survey / ne Solar x-ray / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1967 May 22 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S11/1.
  • ESRO S11 / 1 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1967 May 25 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S05/2.
  • ESRO S05 / 2 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1968 March 20 - . 04:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL408.
  • LUX / Culham Solar AC9 Solar x-ray and ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1968 October 7 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 ESRO S47/1.
  • Ultraviolet telescope Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1968 December 3 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 ESRO S27/1.
  • Ultraviolet telescope Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1969 July 6 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S64/1.
  • ESRO S64 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1969 July 13 - . 19:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S64/2.
  • ESRO S64 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1969 July 16 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL729.
  • Dayglow / electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1969 July 29 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL730.
  • Dayglow / electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1969 October 15 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL861.
  • Grenades / TMA release / Barium release Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1969 October 17 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL862.
  • Grenades / TMA release / Barium release Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1969 October 22 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL821.
  • X-ray survey / Solar X X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1970 March 11 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL921.
  • X-ray RMC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1970 March 22 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SN5/1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR S-CR-21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1970 April 16 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL728.
  • X-ray spectra / Ozone X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 October 13 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SN5/2.
  • DLR S-CR-22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1970 October 14 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL1021.
  • X-ray RMC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 December 6 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S69.
  • ESRO S69 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1971 February 6 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S80/1.
  • ESRO S80 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1971 February 6 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S80/2.
  • ESRO S80 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1971 February 7 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S80/3.
  • ESRO S80 / 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1971 March 2 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL922.
  • UK SL922 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1971 September 29 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S47/2.
  • ESRO S47 / 2 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1971 October 12 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S81.
  • ESRO S81 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC; ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1972 November 20 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S94.
  • ESRO S94 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1977 February 8 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S22.
  • SSC S22 Auroral Arc Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

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