Encyclopedia Astronautica
Skylark 4


British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Raven 8

Payload: 100 kg (220 lb) to a 330 km altitude.

Gross mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb).
Payload: 100 kg (220 lb).
Height: 13.20 m (43.30 ft).
Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft).
Thrust: 191.00 kN (42,938 lbf).
Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).
First Launch: 1972.03.02.
Last Launch: 1973.12.05.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Skylark The Skylark sounding rocket (originally named the Gassiot High Altitude Vehicle) was produced by the Royal Aircraft Establishment and first introduced in 1957, during the International Geophysical Year. It remained in European service until 2005. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Launch Sites
  • Salto di Quirra Salto di Quirra, in southeast Sardinia near the town of Perdas de Fogu, is an inter-service missile test center operated by the Italian Air Force. It also supports sounding rocket launches and test of larger rockets in support of Italy's abandoned ballistic missile and on-and-of satellite launcher programs. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...

Associated Stages
  • Skylark 4-1 Solid rocket stage. 175.00 kN (39,342 lbf) thrust. Mass 400 kg (882 lb). More...
  • Skylark 4-2 Solid rocket stage. 50.10 kN (11,263 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,100 kg (2,425 lb). More...

Skylark 4 Chronology


1972 March 2 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 S77/1.
  • ESRO S77 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1972 March 30 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 S75/2.
  • ESRO S75 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1972 September 24 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 S77/2.
  • ESRO S77 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 SL1124.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

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