Encyclopedia Astronautica
Sonda 2


Brazilian sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle.

Status: Retired 1996.
Gross mass: 400 kg (880 lb).
Height: 5.60 m (18.30 ft).
Diameter: 0.30 m (0.98 ft).
Thrust: 36.00 kN (8,093 lbf).
Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).
First Launch: 1973.09.26.
Last Launch: 1996.08.28.
Number: 15 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CONAE Argentinan agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Comision Nacional de Actividades Espaciales, Buenos Aires, Argentina. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Natal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 233 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1100 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Alcantara Sounding rocket and orbital launch site. Used for 53 known launches from 1990 to 2007. The launch complex for Brazil's indigenous VLS orbital booster was located here. More...

Associated Stages
  • S-20 Solid rocket stage. 36.00 kN (8,093 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...

Sonda 2 Chronology


1973 September 26 - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1990 February 21 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-53.
  • Alcantara Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1990 November 26 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-54.
  • Manival Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1991 December 9 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-55.
  • Aguas Belas Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1992 October 31 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-56.
  • Ponta de Areia Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1993 March 22 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-57.
  • Maruda Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1994 June 22 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-58.
  • Oituia Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1996 August 28 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

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