Encyclopedia Astronautica
Sonda 3


Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 3-1 + 1 x Sonda 2A

Failures: 3. First Fail Date: 1976-02-26. Last Fail Date: 1983-11-14.

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb).
Height: 8.00 m (26.20 ft).
Diameter: 0.30 m (0.98 ft).
Thrust: 102.00 kN (22,930 lbf).
Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).
First Launch: 1976.02.26.
Last Launch: 2002.05.12.
Number: 28 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CONAE Argentinan agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Comision Nacional de Actividades Espaciales, Buenos Aires, Argentina. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Natal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 233 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1100 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Alcantara Sounding rocket and orbital launch site. Used for 53 known launches from 1990 to 2007. The launch complex for Brazil's indigenous VLS orbital booster was located here. More...

Associated Stages
  • S-20 Solid rocket stage. 36.00 kN (8,093 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...
  • S-30 Solid rocket stage. 102.00 kN (22,931 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,200 kg (2,646 lb). More...

Sonda 3 Chronology


1976 February 26 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Serido test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1976 September 21 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-02.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi).

1977 March 31 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-03.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi).

1977 October 19 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-04.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi).

1978 April 26 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-05.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 615 km (382 mi).

1978 September 27 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M1 XV-06.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1979 August 23 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M2 XV-07.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1980 August 27 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M1 XV-08.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1980 December 22 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-09.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1981 December 10 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M1 XV-10.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1982 June 30 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-11.
  • BIME Test Flight test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi).

1982 September 8 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-12.
  • GL A20.123-01 BIME Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 525 km (326 mi).

1982 September 13 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-13.
  • GL A20.123-02 BIME Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi).

1982 September 17 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-14.
  • Colored Bubbles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1982 September 18 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-15.
  • Colored Bubbles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1983 June 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-16.
  • Manicore Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 599 km (372 mi).

1983 October 31 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GL A20.327-01 (IMS) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1983 November 14 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-18. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GL A20.327-02 (IMS) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1984 July 26 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-19.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 566 km (351 mi).

1985 December 11 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-20.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi).

1986 November 1 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-21.
  • INPE-003 / 86 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 444 km (275 mi).

1990 November 30 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-22.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1991 April 29 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-23.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 441 km (274 mi).

1992 June 1 - . 02:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-24.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1993 November 17 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-25.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi).

1995 December 19 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-26?.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

2000 December 9 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-30.
  • Alecrim Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

2002 May 12 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-31.
  • Parnamirim F2Glow-2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 593 km (368 mi).

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