Encyclopedia Astronautica
Sparta



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Sparta
Credit: © Thomas Kladiva - Thomas Kladiva
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Sparta
Sparta - COSPAR 1967-118
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Sparta
Credit: © Mark Wade
American orbital launch vehicle. Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Redstone + 1 x Antares 2 + 1 x BE-3

LEO Payload: 45 kg (99 lb) to a 300 km orbit at 28.00 degrees. Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1966-11-28. Last Fail Date: 1966-11-28.

Gross mass: 30,000 kg (66,000 lb).
Payload: 45 kg (99 lb).
Height: 21.80 m (71.50 ft).
Diameter: 1.78 m (5.83 ft).
Thrust: 357.00 kN (80,256 lbf).
Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
First Launch: 1966.11.28.
Last Launch: 1967.11.29.
Number: 10 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Wresat Australian earth atmosphere satellite. One launch, 1967.11.29. Australian Weapons Research Establishment Satellite, launched using surplus US Army Redstone missile, that obtained solar radiation, upper atmosphere data. More...

See also
  • A4 The V-2, known as the A4 to its developers, was the basis for most of the rocketry that exists in the world today. It was ineffective as a weapon of war, but represented a quantum leap in technology. The A1, A2, A3, and A5 were steps in the development of the missile. Later versions - the A6 through A12 - were planned to take the Third Reich to the planets. More...
  • Redstone Redstone was the first large liquid rocket developed in the US using German V-2 technology. Originally designated Hermes C. Redstones later launched the first US satellite and the first American astronaut into space. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Von Braun American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Von Braun, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Woomera After World War II British government recognized the need for a large range to test the incredible array of long-range missile systems then planned. After considering sites in Canada, it was decided that Australia would best meet the projected needs. The Long Range Weapons Establishment was created on 1 April 1947 as a joint British/Australian enterprise. 23 days later the name Woomera (an aboriginal word of axtlaxtl, or spear thrower) was selected for the new town to be built as its administrative center. Woomera town peaked at a population of 6,000 in the 1960's. Thereafter the progressive cancellation of British missile and space projects put Woomera went into sustained decline. However it played a key role in the history of rocketry, including orbital launches or launch attempts by Black Arrow, Sparta, and Europa boosters. More...

Associated Stages
  • Antares 2 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,400/300 kg. Thrust 93.09 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 293 seconds. More...
  • Jupiter C Lox/Hydyne propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 28,430/3,890 kg. Thrust 416.18 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 265 seconds. Redstone missile, stretched, modified with different propellants to serve as first stage of IRBM nose cone/orbital test vehicle. More...
  • SPARTA-3 Solid rocket stage. 34.00 kN (7,644 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...

Sparta Chronology


1966 November 28 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Sparta. LV Configuration: SPARTA ?/SV-1. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Sparta SV-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 December 13 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Sparta. LV Configuration: SPARTA 2034/SV-2.
  • Sparta SV-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 April 20 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Sparta. LV Configuration: SPARTA ?/SV-3.
  • Sparta SV-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 July 4 - . 23:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Sparta. LV Configuration: SPARTA 2032/SV-4.
  • Sparta SV-4 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 July 24 - . 16:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Sparta. LV Configuration: SPARTA 2009/SV-5.
  • Sparta SV-5 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 August 17 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Sparta. LV Configuration: SPARTA 2039/SV-6.
  • Sparta SV-6 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 September 15 - . 16:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Sparta. LV Configuration: SPARTA 2012/SV-7.
  • Sparta SV-7 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1967 October 11 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Sparta. LV Configuration: SPARTA 2030/SV-8.
  • Sparta SV-8 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1967 October 31 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Sparta. LV Configuration: SPARTA 2041/SV-9.
  • Sparta SV-9 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1967 November 29 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Sparta. LV Configuration: SPARTA 2029/SV-10.
  • Wresat 1 - . Payload: Wresat / BE-3. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Wresat. Decay Date: 1968-01-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 3054 . COSPAR: 1967-118A. Apogee: 1,252 km (777 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 83.3000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. Summary: Weapons Research Establishment Satellite; solar radiation, upper atmosphere data. WRESAT 1 launched for upper atmosphere and space research at 1419 h central standard time, from Woomera, South Australia. Launch vehicle based on Redstone. .

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