Encyclopedia Astronautica
Standard SM-3



m161.jpg
Standard SM-3
Credit: via Andreas Parsch
American surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability using the LEAP homing vehicle for use by AEGIS naval vessels. Modification for anti-satellite use demonstrated in 2008.

The SM-3 was a derivative of the Standard SM-2ER Block IV using the LEAP (Lightweight Exo-Atmospheric Projectile) homing vehicle to give AEGIS naval vessels theater anti-ballistic missile capability. The two rocket stages of the SM-2ER Block IV were supplemented by a third stage, the Alliant Techsystems Advanced Solid Axial Stage (ASAS). A GPS-Aided Inertial Navigation System was used to guide the missile to near the predicted impact point, with the LEAP making the final hit-to-kill intercept. AEGIS launching ships required updates to computer hardware and software in order to operate the missile.

The LEAP and its Forward-Looking Infrared sensor were first tested in four Terrier/LEAP launches between 1992 to 1995. However both intercepts attempted in the series were failures. The first launch of a complete SM-3 missile came in September 1999. In January 2002 the first successful intercept of an Aries ballistic missile target was achieved. Testing thereafter proved the capability of the missile against more difficult targets and scenarios. In 2008 the system was modified in a matter of weeks to successfully shoot down an errant American satellite.

Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 2000-07-01. Last Fail Date: 2000-07-01. Maximum range: 500 km (310 mi). Standard warhead: LEAP. Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Cruise engine: MK 104. Maximum speed: 9,600 kph (5,900 mph). Initial Operational Capability: 2006.

AKA: SM-3; RIM-161A; Standard 3 ER.
Status: Active.
Gross mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb).
Height: 6.55 m (21.48 ft).
Diameter: 0.53 m (1.73 ft).
Span: 1.57 m (5.15 ft).
Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).
First Launch: 1999.09.24.
Last Launch: 2011.09.01.
Number: 25 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
See also
  • Standard-ER American Navy long range surface-to-air missile family. Later versions had anti-ballistic missile and anti-satellite capability. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Raytheon American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Raytheon, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Pacific Ocean Sounding rocket launches made from naval vessels in the Pacific accounted for 280 launches from 1949 to 2006, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Barking Sands Military missile test and sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1962 to present. Sandia National Laboratories operates the Kauai Test Facility for the Department of Energy and, through inter-Service Support Agreements provides the Barking Sands Pacific Missile Range Facility with rocket launch services for target systems and upper atmosphere measurements. PMRF/KTF is recognized in the INF Treaty as an authorized site from which launches of the STARS missile can be conducted. The site was recently involved in anti-ballistic missile tests. Known to have been used for 2320 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • SM-3-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 100 kg. Thrust 7.00 kN. More...

Standard SM-3 Chronology


1999 September 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-67. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 CTV-1A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2000 July 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 FTR-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aegis LEPI test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 January 26 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 Aegis FTR-1A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 January 26 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 Aegis FM-2.
  • SDACS Intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 June 14 - . 01:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 LEAP FM-3.
  • Aegis FM-3 Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 November 22 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 LEAP FM-4.
  • Stellar Viper test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

2003 June 18 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 LEAP FM-5.
  • Aegis 4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2003 December 11 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 LEAP FM-6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

2005 February 24 - . 21:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 FTM 04-1.
  • Stellar Dragon - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2005 November 18 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 FTM 04-2.
  • Stellar Valkyrie - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 March 8 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 JCTV-1.
  • Japanese RV - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 June 22 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-67. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 FTM-10.
  • Stellar Predator - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2007 April 26 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 FTM-11.
  • FTM-11 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

2007 June 23 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: DDG-73. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 FTM-12.
  • FTM-12 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

2007 November 7 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 FTM-13b.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

2007 November 7 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 FTM-13a.
  • Stellar Gryphon - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

2007 December 17 - . 22:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: DDG-173. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 JFTM-1.
  • Japanese test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

2008 February 21 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Platform: Lake Erie. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3.
  • US shoots down failed USA 193 satellite. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Decay Date: 2008-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 29651 . The classifed NRO USA 193 spacecraft, launched in 2006, suffered a complete failure of its on-board propulsion system, putting the satellite in a rapidly-decaying orbit. The Pentagon said that the hydrazine propellant aboard consituted a risk and announced they would shoot the satellite down. The real objective may have been to demonstrated US antisatellite capability after a Chinese test in 2007. In any case, on 21 February 2008 the satellite was down to a 242 km x 257 km orbit. At 03:26 GMT an SM-3 missile was fired from the Aegis cruiser USS Lake Erie stationed west of Hawaii, to intercept the satellite. The hit-to-kill warhead successfully rammed the satellite, breaking it up into 153 catalogued items of debris with perigees of 170-250 km and apogees of up to 2700 km.

2008 November 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: DDG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3.
  • Aegis KV - . Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system.

2008 November 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: DDG-60. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3.
  • Aegis KV - . Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system.

2008 November 20 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: DDG-176. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3.
  • Aegis JFTM-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: JMSDF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system.

2009 July 31 - . 03:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Platform: DDG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3.
  • Aegis FTM-17 KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Summary: Interceptor.

2010 October 30 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Platform: DDG-174. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3.
  • Aegis KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: Successful ABM test from Japanese Aegis ship..

2011 April 15 - . 07:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: USS O'Kane. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3.
  • FTM-15 KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: Interceptor..

2011 September 1 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 Block 1B.
  • Aegis KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: Interceptor mission. First test flight of the Block IB version of the SM-3 missile interceptor. Failed to hit its target..

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