Encyclopedia Astronautica
STARS


American test vehicle. Three stage target vehicle for anti-ballistic missile tests, consisting of a surplus Polaris A3 SLBM (A3P first stage + X-260 second stage) and an Orbus 1 third stage.

Sandia National Laboratories began development of the vehcile in 1985 as an alternative to existing test vehicles using Minuteman 1 surplus rocket stages. The STARS I configuration could boost as single simulated warhead. STARS II added the ODES (Operations and Deployment Experiments Simulator) fourth stage, which simulated the post-boost vehicle of an ICBM and could dispense decoys or multiple simulated warheads.

Failures: 2. First Fail Date: 2001-11-09. Last Fail Date: 2007-05-25. Maximum range: 5,500 km (3,400 mi).

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 16,700 kg (36,800 lb).
Height: 11.50 m (37.70 ft).
Diameter: 1.37 m (4.49 ft).
Apogee: 2,500 km (1,500 mi).
First Launch: 1993.02.26.
Last Launch: 2008.12.05.
Number: 12 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Polaris Probably the most technically innovative program in history, Polaris integrated solid-propellant, inertially-guided intermediate range ballistic missiles with nuclear submarines that could remain submerged for months at a time. All of these were new technologies, but the first ship was underway only three years after go-ahead. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Lockheed American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Lockheed Martin, Sunnyvale, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Barking Sands Military missile test and sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1962 to present. Sandia National Laboratories operates the Kauai Test Facility for the Department of Energy and, through inter-Service Support Agreements provides the Barking Sands Pacific Missile Range Facility with rocket launch services for target systems and upper atmosphere measurements. PMRF/KTF is recognized in the INF Treaty as an authorized site from which launches of the STARS missile can be conducted. The site was recently involved in anti-ballistic missile tests. Known to have been used for 2320 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kodiak In January 1998, the Alaska Aerospace Development Corporation began building a commercial spaceport at Narrow Cape on Kodiak Island, about 400 km south of Anchorage and 40 km southwest of the City of Kodiak. Kodiak Island was advertised as one of the best locations in the world for polar launch operations, providing a wide launch azimuth and unobstructed downrange flight path. More...

Associated Stages
  • A3P-1 Solid rocket stage. Mass 11,100 kg (24,471 lb). More...
  • Starbird-4 Solid rocket stage. 88.00 kN (19,783 lbf) thrust. Mass 500 kg (1,102 lb). More...

STARS Chronology


1993 February 26 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC42. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS FTU-1.
  • FTU-1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SDC. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1993 August 25 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC42. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS M-1.
  • Zodiac Beauchamp Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SDC. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1994 July 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC42. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS M-2 STARS II.
  • ODES - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SDC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 August 31 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC42. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS M-3 STARS II.
  • ODES/MSX MDT-2 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SDC. Apogee: 909 km (564 mi).

2001 November 9 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS M-4 WCRRF. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BMDO Radar Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2004 December 15 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS M-5.
  • IFT-13c Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Target for ballistic missile defence intercept test. Launch successful, but anti-ballistic missile that was to intercept it never left silo. Impacted in Pacific Ocean. Delayed from January, August, November, December 9 and 12.

2005 February 14 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS M-6.
  • IFT-14 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2006 February 23 - . 16:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS M-7 FT04-1.
  • GMD FT04-1 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2006 September 1 - . 17:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS M-8.
  • GMD FTG-02 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 May 25 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS M-9. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GMD FTG-03 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2007 September 28 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS.
  • GMD FTG-03a Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 December 5 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: STARS.
  • MDA FTG-05 Target - . Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target.

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