Encyclopedia Astronautica
Strongarm



strongar.jpg
Strongarm
American test vehicle. A large five-stage rocket developed by the Army Ballistics Research Laboratory with the cooperation of the University of Michigan. Consisted of an Honest John plus Nike plus Nike plus modified Recruit plus a scaled-down Sergeant. Fired first from Wallops Island on November 10, 1959. Could lift 6.8 kg to 1600 km.

Failures: 6. Success Rate: 25.00%. First Fail Date: 1959-11-18. Last Fail Date: 1961-07-27. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1961.
Gross mass: 3,300 kg (7,200 lb).
Height: 17.10 m (56.10 ft).
Diameter: 0.58 m (1.90 ft).
Thrust: 365.00 kN (82,055 lbf).
Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).
First Launch: 1959.11.10.
Last Launch: 1961.07.27.
Number: 8 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Strongarm A large five-stage rocket developed by the Army Ballistics Research Laboratory with the cooperation of the University of Michigan. Consisted of an Honest John plus Nike plus Nike plus modified Recruit plus a scaled-down Sergeant. Fired first from Wallops Island on November 10, 1959. Could lift 6.8 kg to 1600 km. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Michigan American agency overseeing development of rockets. Univeristy of Michigan, USA. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...

Associated Stages
  • HJ Nike Nike-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 599/256 kg. Thrust 195.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 195 seconds. The average sea level thrust of the Nike rocket motor was 190.3 kN. The interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Nike and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Nike burnout. Each Nike fin was 0.45 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Nike burnout. More...
  • HJ Nike-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,900/954 kg. Thrust 365.00 kN. Rocket motor originally developed for the Army Honest John tactical missile. In sounding rocket applications the interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Taurus and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Taurus burnout. Each Taurus fin was 0.46 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Taurus burnout. The weight of the booster system is 3005 pounds. More...
  • Jaguar-3 Solid rocket stage. 8.60 kN (1,933 lbf) thrust. Mass 25 kg (55 lb). More...

Strongarm Chronology


1959 November 10 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm OB11.01.
  • Ion density Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1959 November 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm OB11.02. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ion density Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 July 13 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm OB11.03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi).

1960 July 14 - . 02:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm OB11.04. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 710 km (440 mi).

1960 August 2 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi).

1961 February 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm E22-H1-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Geodetic Flares test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 February 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm E22-H1-2.
  • Geodetic Flares test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 2,027 km (1,259 mi).

1961 July 27 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm-1 CRL AA11.501. FAILURE: Failure.
  • CWAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

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