Encyclopedia Astronautica
Taurus Tomahawk Nike



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Taurus Nike Tomahawk
Taurus Nike Tomahawk TNT
Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Taurus (Honest John motor) + 1 x Nike + 1 x Tomahawk. Payload 32 kg to 700 km or 125 kg to 400 km.

Payload: 27 kg (59 lb) to a 590 km altitude.

Gross mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb).
Height: 15.30 m (50.10 ft).
Diameter: 0.58 m (1.90 ft).
Thrust: 457.00 kN (102,737 lbf).
Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).
First Launch: 1983.09.01.
Last Launch: 1991.12.06.
Number: 17 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Poker Flat Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1969 to present. Poker Flat Rocket Range (PFRR) contains five major launch pads. Pads 1 and 2 each have a 7.5K launcher, pads 3 and 4 each contain 20K MRL launchers, and pad 5 contains a 4K twin boom launcher. Pad 3 is equipped with a moveable launcher enclosure which can be used to protect a rocket on pad 3 and workers from the severe winter weather. More...
  • Kwajalein The US military base located on this Pacific island group has major tracking facilities and is near the impact area for dummy warheads fired by ICBM's from Vandenberg AFB. It is a key test location for anti-ballistic missile systems. More...
  • Sonde Stromfjord The Danish Meteorological Institute established this sounding rocket range in 1971. The site was located next to an airport at the end of the fjord and was only occupied during launch campaigns. The location was well-suited for observation of the Arctic aurora and ionosphere. Known to have been used for 31 launches from 1971 to 1987, reaching up to 816 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kwajalein RN Tomahawk Sandia, Terrier, Super Chief, Sergeant, Nike, Honest John, Cajun, Black Brant, Asp, DOT launch complex. Roi-Namur Island More...

Associated Stages
  • HJ Nike Nike-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 599/256 kg. Thrust 195.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 195 seconds. The average sea level thrust of the Nike rocket motor was 190.3 kN. The interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Nike and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Nike burnout. Each Nike fin was 0.45 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Nike burnout. More...

Taurus Tomahawk Nike Chronology


1983 September 1 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 12.39WT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1983 December 14 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 12.40WT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1984 April 2 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.01UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1984 August 1 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.02UE.
  • SPINEX 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 423 km (262 mi).

1985 November 20 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.09UE.
  • CRRES Test Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 April 28 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.05UE.
  • SPINEX 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1986 May 13 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.08UE.
  • CVE Sr Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 547 km (339 mi).

1987 March 5 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.12UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1987 March 31 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.10UE.
  • COPE II Super 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 467 km (290 mi).

1987 March 31 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.11UE.
  • COPE II Super 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 441 km (274 mi).

1988 July 27 - . 05:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.07UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1990 August 11 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.17UE.
  • CRRES AA-5 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).

1990 August 15 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.15UE.
  • CRRES AA-6 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi).

1990 August 15 - . 08:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.16UE.
  • CRRES Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1990 August 22 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.18UE.
  • CRRES Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1991 December 6 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.19UE.
  • RED AIR 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi).

1991 December 6 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.20UE.
  • RED AIR 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi).

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