Encyclopedia Astronautica
Taurus Orion


American sounding rocket. 2 stage vehicle composed of 1 x Taurus (Honest John motor) + 1 x Orion. Payload 68 kg to 260 km or 227 kg to 140 km.

The Taurus-Orion was a two-stage, unguided, fin stabilized rocket system which utilized a Taurus first stage booster and a surplus Army Orion rocket motor for the second stage propulsion. The Taurus motor had four equally spaced modified Ajax fins, and the Orion motor had four fins on the aft end arranged in a cruciform configuration to provide stability. The standard payload for the Taurus-Orion had a principal diameter of 36 cm and utilized various nose cone fineness ratios. The normal payload length varied from about 1.8 to 3.8 m although this was not the maximum envelope. Payloads from 23 to 36 cm in diameter were also flown on the Taurus-Orion.

Standard hardware included a separable clamshell nose cone and an Orion Standard Ignition System. A clamped interstage was available to provide better stability for vehicle configurations with very long payloads. Separation systems could be provided to separate the payload from the motor during ascent.

Failures: 1. Success Rate: 98.48%. First Fail Date: 1983-07-25. Last Fail Date: 1983-07-25.

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb).
Height: 11.40 m (37.40 ft).
Diameter: 0.58 m (1.90 ft).
Thrust: 457.00 kN (102,737 lbf).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).
First Launch: 1977.07.19.
Last Launch: 2002.02.21.
Number: 66 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Honest John Unguided single-stage solid-propellant US Army missile developed by Douglas Aircraft. It was later used as the booster stage for a range of sounding rockets, test vehicles, and targets. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Poker Flat Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1969 to present. Poker Flat Rocket Range (PFRR) contains five major launch pads. Pads 1 and 2 each have a 7.5K launcher, pads 3 and 4 each contain 20K MRL launchers, and pad 5 contains a 4K twin boom launcher. Pad 3 is equipped with a moveable launcher enclosure which can be used to protect a rocket on pad 3 and workers from the severe winter weather. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Arecibo Sounding rocket launch site near world's largest radio telescope, known to have been used for 40 launches from 1966 to 1998, reaching up to 375 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Sonde Stromfjord The Danish Meteorological Institute established this sounding rocket range in 1971. The site was located next to an airport at the end of the fjord and was only occupied during launch campaigns. The location was well-suited for observation of the Arctic aurora and ionosphere. Known to have been used for 31 launches from 1971 to 1987, reaching up to 816 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Red Lake Sounding rocket range, known to have been used for 23 launches in 1979, reaching up to 215 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Red Lake CHK Tomahawk Sandia, Nike, Loki, Honest John, Hawk, Black Brant, Arcas launch complex. Chukuni Range More...
  • Punta Lobos Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1980 to 1990. Known to have been used for 23 launches in 1983, reaching up to 590 kilometers altitude. More...
  • White Sands LC36 Terrier, Redstone, Nike, Little Joe II, Honest John, Black Brant, Storm, Aries, Apollo LES launch complex. Originally designated Army Launch Area 2, LC36 was later a LC36 was a NASA facility that supported tests of the Apollo Launch Escape System. It was also used to launch NASA sounding rocket missions. The complex included a blockhouse, launch control equipment, and launchers with environmental shelters. These launchers included:
    • An 11-m rail with 3600 kg capacity
    • A 15-m rail with 11,000 kg capacity
    • A 50-m tower with 3600 kg capacity
    • A 1.2-m diameter stool with 23,000 kg capacity
    • A 9-m rail with 7000 kg capacity.
    More...

Associated Stages

Taurus Orion Chronology


1977 July 19 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 12.1001WT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1977 December 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 12.1002WT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1978 March 13 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.01UA.
  • Extreme ultraviolet airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1978 March 13 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.02GA.
  • Auroral UV Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.04UE.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.03UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 November 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.08UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 July 28 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.13UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1980 August 14 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.05UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1980 September 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.06GU?.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 October 8 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.07UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion A13.073.
  • ENERGY B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.10UE.
  • EBC-B E11a Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.11UE.
  • EBC-B E11b Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1980 November 30 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.09UE.
  • EBC-A2 E11a Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1981 March 7 - . 08:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion A13.30.
  • AURORAL E1 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1981 March 7 - . 08:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion A13.20.
  • Auroral E3 Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1981 March 7 - . 08:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion A13.31.
  • AURORAL E2 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1981 April 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.20GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 April 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.19GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 August 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.22UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 August 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.06UL?.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 November 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.21UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1982 February 26 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.25UL.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1982 May 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.28UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1982 June 29 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion GL A13.277.
  • TRACER Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1982 August 11 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.29UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1982 November 24 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.24CE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 January 12 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.30UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 January 22 - . 13:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.23CE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 February 12 - . 07:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.31UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 March 3 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Punta Lobos. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.26UE.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 March 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Punta Lobos. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.27UE.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 June 21 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.33UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 July 15 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.34GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 July 20 - . 08:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.35GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 July 25 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.32GU. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1984 January 16 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.36UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1984 February 28 - . 17:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.39UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1984 April 2 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.42UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1984 August 7 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.43UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1984 October 22 - . 06:27 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.47UE.
  • Ultraviolet Nightglow Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1984 October 24 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.41UE.
  • MINI (Metal Ions) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1985 February 8 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.48UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1985 March 5 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.44UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1985 September 10 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.50GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1986 March 7 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.51UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1986 November 4 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion SSC S41H.
  • Aureld-VIP-HIGH Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1986 December 12 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion SSC S41L.
  • Aureld-VIP-LOW Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1987 February 17 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.56UE.
  • UM Airglow payload Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.52GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1987 July 27 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.53GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1988 October 20 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.49UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1989 March 7 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.57UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1990 May 13 - . 21:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.59GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1990 May 14 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.60GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1993 October 4 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.062UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1994 June 27 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.063UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1995 June 6 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.064UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1998 February 25 - . 07:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.067UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1999 January 22 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.068UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1999 July 5 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.065UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1999 July 18 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.066UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2002 February 21 - . 09:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.069UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2002 February 21 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.070UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2002 February 21 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.073UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

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