Encyclopedia Astronautica
Terrier Malemute



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Terrier Malemute
American sounding rocket. The Terrier-Malemute launch vehicle was a high performance two-stage vehicle used for payloads weighing less than 180 kg, generally used for relatively lightweight plasma physics payloads. Payload 90 kg to 650 km or 180 kg to 420 km.

The first stage booster consisted of a Terrier MK 12 Mod 1 rocket motor with four 0.5 square meter fin panels arranged in a cruciform configuration. The Terrier booster had an overall diameter of 46 cm. For a payload weight of 90 kg, the longitudinal acceleration during the boost phase was 26g's. The second stage propulsion unit was a Thiokol Malemute TU-758 rocket motor which was designed especially for high altitude research rocket applications. The external diameter of the Malemute was 41 cm.

The average thrust was 42.7 kN. The maximum thrust level was approximately 63.5 kN which resulted in a maximum longitudinal acceleration during second stage burning of 32g's for a 90 kg payload. Liftoff weight of the Terrier-Malemute launch vehicle, less payload, was approximately 1478 kg. This vehicle was usually rail launched and could be accommodated at most established launch ranges.

The Terrier-Malemute vehicle was particularly suited for lower weight payloads; performance dropped appreciably as payload weight increased. Bulbous diameter payloads could be accommodated on the Terrier-Malemute; however, the high dynamic pressures encountered by this vehicle resultedin high aerodynamic heating rates and high vehicle structural loads Thus, payload design characteristics had to be carefully considered.

Failures: 5. Success Rate: 89.13%. First Fail Date: 1974-11-11. Last Fail Date: 1979-01-26.

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 1,568 kg (3,456 lb).
Height: 12.70 m (41.60 ft).
Diameter: 0.46 m (1.50 ft).
Thrust: 258.00 kN (58,000 lbf).
Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).
First Launch: 1974.11.11.
Last Launch: 2010.03.27.
Number: 47 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Terrier Standard US Navy surface-to-air missile developed during the 1950's. Modified single stage Navy Terrier missiles were used as sounding rockets, sometimes supplemented with upper stages. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Sandia American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Sandia Laboratories, Albequerque, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Poker Flat Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1969 to present. Poker Flat Rocket Range (PFRR) contains five major launch pads. Pads 1 and 2 each have a 7.5K launcher, pads 3 and 4 each contain 20K MRL launchers, and pad 5 contains a 4K twin boom launcher. Pad 3 is equipped with a moveable launcher enclosure which can be used to protect a rocket on pad 3 and workers from the severe winter weather. More...
  • Kwajalein The US military base located on this Pacific island group has major tracking facilities and is near the impact area for dummy warheads fired by ICBM's from Vandenberg AFB. It is a key test location for anti-ballistic missile systems. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Barking Sands Military missile test and sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1962 to present. Sandia National Laboratories operates the Kauai Test Facility for the Department of Energy and, through inter-Service Support Agreements provides the Barking Sands Pacific Missile Range Facility with rocket launch services for target systems and upper atmosphere measurements. PMRF/KTF is recognized in the INF Treaty as an authorized site from which launches of the STARS missile can be conducted. The site was recently involved in anti-ballistic missile tests. Known to have been used for 2320 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cape Parry Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 18 launches from 1969 to 1982, reaching up to 662 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Sonde Stromfjord The Danish Meteorological Institute established this sounding rocket range in 1971. The site was located next to an airport at the end of the fjord and was only occupied during launch campaigns. The location was well-suited for observation of the Arctic aurora and ionosphere. Known to have been used for 31 launches from 1971 to 1987, reaching up to 816 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Punta Lobos Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1980 to 1990. Known to have been used for 23 launches in 1983, reaching up to 590 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Fort Yukon Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1984, reaching up to 500 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kwajalein RN Tomahawk Sandia, Terrier, Super Chief, Sergeant, Nike, Honest John, Cajun, Black Brant, Asp, DOT launch complex. Roi-Namur Island More...

Associated Stages

Terrier Malemute Chronology


1974 November 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute Sandia 497-002. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1975 May 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute Sandia 497-004.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi).

1975 June 27 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.02GT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi).

1976 January 15 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 12.34CT-GT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1976 August 11 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 12.36GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 612 km (380 mi).

1976 November 27 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.05IE.
  • Ferdinand 38 (Harang) Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 538 km (334 mi).

1977 January 14 - . 10:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.03AE.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 January 18 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.04UE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1977 September 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute Sandia 497-008.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1978 February 2 - . 08:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.08UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi).

1978 March 9 - . 08:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.07UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1979 January 26 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.13UE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1979 April 15 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.11GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 671 km (416 mi).

1979 April 18 - . 09:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.12GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 July 16 - . 12:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute Sandia 497-011.
  • PLUMEX I Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi).

1979 July 23 - . 09:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute Sandia 497-012.
  • PLUMEX II Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 580 km (360 mi).

1979 October 13 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute Sandia 497-010.
  • Malemute II Test / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 533 km (331 mi).

1980 January 27 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.14UE.
  • ARCS 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 433 km (269 mi).

1981 December 7 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.17CE.
  • CENTAUR Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 451 km (280 mi).

1982 January 21 - . 01:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.18UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi).

1982 March 6 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.16CE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 434 km (269 mi).

1983 March 2 - . 02:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Punta Lobos. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.20UE.
  • CONDOR Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi).

1983 March 15 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Punta Lobos. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.19UE.
  • CONDOR Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1983 November 11 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.22GE/IE.
  • Ferdinand 63 / Polar Leap Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 454 km (282 mi).

1984 February 7 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Yukon. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.21UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 January 23 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.23UE.
  • COPE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 February 10 - . 02:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.15UE.
  • ARCS 3 Plasma / active mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1985 July 14 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands KP. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute Sandia 497-013.
  • ACE I Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO; Lincoln. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi).

1985 September 27 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands KP. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute Sandia 497-014.
  • ACE II Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO; Lincoln. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi).

1985 October 10 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands KP. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute Sandia 497-015.
  • ACE III Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO; Lincoln. Apogee: 479 km (297 mi).

1985 December 10 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands KP. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute Sandia 497-016.
  • ACE IV Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO; Lincoln. Apogee: 486 km (301 mi).

1986 April 3 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.24UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1987 February 26 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.25UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1987 March 5 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.26UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1989 April 3 - . 02:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.27UE.
  • RED AIR 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi).

1989 September 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute SDIO Starmate.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 724 km (449 mi).

1989 September 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute SDIO Starmate.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 724 km (449 mi).

1990 March 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute SDIO Laser Radar.
  • Firefly 1 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 462 km (287 mi).

1990 April 25 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute SDIO BSUV.
  • Bow Shock 1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 721 km (448 mi).

1990 July 30 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.28UE.
  • EQUIS Spread F Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1990 August 2 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.29UE.
  • EQUIS Spread F Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1990 October 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute SDIO.
  • Firefly 2 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 456 km (283 mi).

1992 May 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • CDX (LWIS) Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

2003 June 10 - . 06:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.035UP.
  • DEBI (Bowshock) Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

2004 August 7 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.037UE.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 450 km (270 mi).

2004 August 15 - . 08:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.036UE.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 450 km (270 mi).

2010 March 27 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • NASA 12.067GT - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi). Summary: Test launch.

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