Encyclopedia Astronautica
Tibere


French test vehicle. Tibere was an atmospheric re-entry test vehicle derived from the earlier Berenice. Development was authorized in 1965 to support the Electre re-entry experiment program. The first two stages were Stromboli motors of identical length. The third stage was the P.064 motor developed for the Diamant orbital launcher.

As with Berenice and Titus, four SEPR P167 stabilization rockets surrounded the first stage. The first two stages boosted the third stage and RV model to 150 km altitude. A Cassiopee attitude control system oriented the RV precisely before the P.064 accelerated the RV to high speed while descending from 130 to 60 km altitude. Although four Tibere were procured, only two were launched before the program was closed.

Gross mass: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb).
Height: 14.50 m (47.50 ft).
Diameter: 0.56 m (1.83 ft).
Thrust: 170.00 kN (38,210 lbf).
Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).
First Launch: 1971.02.23.
Last Launch: 1972.03.18.
Number: 2 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Berenice Berenice was Onera's successor to the Antares re-entry vehicle test booster. It was nearly double the mass of Antares. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ONERA French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aerospatiales, France. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Biscarosse In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island. More...

Associated Stages
  • Diamant-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 703/68 kg. Thrust 29.40 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 211 seconds. More...
  • Tibere-2 Solid rocket stage. 170.00 kN (38,218 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,700 kg (3,748 lb). More...

Tibere Chronology


1971 February 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1972 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

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