Encyclopedia Astronautica
Titan 24B


American orbital launch vehicle. Stretched first stage, originally developed for the cancelled MOL program, with Agena D upper stage. Radio guidance system, 1.5 m diameter fairing atop Agena. Payload remained attached to the Agena.

Failures: 2. First Fail Date: 1972-05-20. Last Fail Date: 1973-06-26.

Gross mass: 170,000 kg (370,000 lb).
Height: 45.00 m (147.00 ft).
Diameter: 3.05 m (10.00 ft).
Thrust: 2,410.00 kN (541,780 lbf).
Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).
First Launch: 1971.08.12.
Last Launch: 1984.04.17.
Number: 23 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • KH-8 American military surveillance satellite. 61 launches, 1966.07.29 (OPS 3014) to 1984.04.17 (OPS 8424). Longest-lived and last US film-return reconnaissance satellite. Ground resolution 0.5 m. Film returned in two capsules. Typical life 50 days. More...

See also
  • Titan The Titan launch vehicle family was developed by the United States Air Force to meet its medium lift requirements in the 1960's. The designs finally put into production were derived from the Titan II ICBM. Titan outlived the competing NASA Saturn I launch vehicle and the Space Shuttle for military launches. It was finally replaced by the USAF's EELV boosters, the Atlas V and Delta IV. Although conceived as a low-cost, quick-reaction system, Titan was not successful as a commercial launch vehicle. Air Force requirements growth over the years drove its costs up - the Ariane using similar technology provided lower-cost access to space. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Martin American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Martin Marietta Astronautics Group (1956), Denver, CO, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Vandenberg Vandenberg Air Force Base is located on the Central Coast of California about 240 km northwest of Los Angeles. It is used for launches of unmanned government and commercial satellites into polar orbit and intercontinental ballistic missile test launches toward the Kwajalein Atoll. More...
  • Vandenberg SLC4W Titan, Atlas launch complex. First designated PALC2-3 and used to launch Atlas Agena D with KH-7 spysats. Rebuilt in 1966 to handle Titan 3B with various military payloads. From 1988 used to launch refurbished surplus Titan 2 ICBM's in space launch role. More...

Associated Stages
  • Agena D Nitric acid/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 6,821/673 kg. Thrust 71.17 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 300 seconds. One of the real workhorses of US space exploration, Agena was a restartable upper stage which was also employed as a spacecraft, the whole vehicle going into orbit. A mainstay of the US Air Force reconnaisance satellite program, it also boosted early NASA probes to the moon and planets. Agena played a key role in manned space flight as the target vehicle for rendezvous and docking manoeuvres in NASA's Gemini project. It More...
  • Titan 3A-1 N2O4/Aerozine-50 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 116,573/5,443 kg. Thrust 2,339.76 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 302 seconds. More...
  • Titan 3A-2 N2O4/Aerozine-50 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 29,188/2,653 kg. Thrust 453.71 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 316 seconds. More...

Titan 24B Chronology


1971 August 12 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-1 (3B-32).
  • OPS 8607 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 32 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1971-09-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 5409 . COSPAR: 1971-070A. Apogee: 424 km (263 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 111.0000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1971 October 23 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-2 (3B-33).
  • OPS 7616 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 33 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1971-11-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 5575 . COSPAR: 1971-092A. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi). Perigee: 135 km (83 mi). Inclination: 110.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • SRV-2 - . Payload: SRV-2 / OPS 7616 DEB. Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1971-11-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 5606 . COSPAR: 1971-092B. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi). Perigee: 93 km (57 mi). Inclination: 110.9000 deg. Period: 88.73 min.

1972 March 17 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-3 (3B-34).
  • OPS 1678 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 34 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1972-04-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 5888 . COSPAR: 1972-016A. Apogee: 409 km (254 mi). Perigee: 131 km (81 mi). Inclination: 111.0000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1972 May 20 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-4 (3B-35). FAILURE: Failure.
  • OPS 6574 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 35 / Agena D. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. COSPAR: F720520A.
  • SRV-1 - . Payload: SRV-1. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: KH-8. COSPAR: F720520B.
  • SRV-2 - . Payload: SRV-2. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: KH-8. COSPAR: F720520C.

1972 September 1 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-5 (3B-39).
  • OPS 8888 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 36 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1972-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 6172 . COSPAR: 1972-068A. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 142 km (88 mi). Inclination: 110.4000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1972 December 21 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-6 (3B-40).
  • OPS 3978 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 37 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1973-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 6321 . COSPAR: 1972-103A. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi). Perigee: 139 km (86 mi). Inclination: 110.5000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1973 May 16 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-7 (3B-41).
  • OPS 2093 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 38 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1973-06-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 6640 . COSPAR: 1973-028A. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi). Perigee: 136 km (84 mi). Inclination: 110.5000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1973 June 26 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-9 (3B-43). FAILURE: Agena upper stage failed to orbit.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • OPS 4018 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 39 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1973-06-26 . COSPAR: F730626AA.
  • SRV-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: KH-8. COSPAR: F730626AD.
  • SRV-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: KH-8. COSPAR: F730626AC.

1973 September 27 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-8 (3B-42).
  • OPS 6275 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 40 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1973-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6837 . COSPAR: 1973-068A. Apogee: 385 km (239 mi). Perigee: 131 km (81 mi). Inclination: 110.5000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1974 February 13 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-10 (3B-44).
  • OPS 6889 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 41 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1974-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 7121 . COSPAR: 1974-007A. Apogee: 396 km (246 mi). Perigee: 135 km (83 mi). Inclination: 110.4000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1974 June 6 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-11 (3B-45).
  • OPS 1776 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 42 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1974-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 7330 . COSPAR: 1974-042A. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 136 km (84 mi). Inclination: 110.5000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1974 August 14 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-12 (3B-46).
  • OPS 3004 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 43 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1974-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 7416 . COSPAR: 1974-065A. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi). Perigee: 135 km (83 mi). Inclination: 110.5000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1975 April 18 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-14 (3B-48).
  • OPS 4883 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 44 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1975-06-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7747 . COSPAR: 1975-032A. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi). Perigee: 133 km (82 mi). Inclination: 110.5000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1975 October 9 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-13 (3B-47).
  • OPS 5499 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 45 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1975-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 8360 . COSPAR: 1975-098A. Apogee: 274 km (170 mi). Perigee: 145 km (90 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1976 March 22 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-18 (3B-52).
  • OPS 7600 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 46 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1976-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 8770 . COSPAR: 1976-027A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 125 km (77 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1976 September 15 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-17 (3B-51).
  • OPS 8533 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 47 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1976-11-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 9426 . COSPAR: 1976-094A. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi). Perigee: 142 km (88 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1977 March 13 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-19 (3B-54).
  • OPS 4915 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 48 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1977-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 9863 . COSPAR: 1977-019A. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi). Perigee: 141 km (87 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1977 September 23 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-23 (3B-58).
  • OPS 7471 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 49 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1977-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 10374 . COSPAR: 1977-094A. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi). Perigee: 134 km (83 mi). Inclination: 96.5000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1979 May 28 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-25 (3B-61).
  • OPS 7164 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 50 / Agena D. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1979-08-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11372 . COSPAR: 1979-044A. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 131 km (81 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1981 February 28 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-24 (3B-59).
  • OPS 1166 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 51 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1981-06-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 12315 . COSPAR: 1981-019A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 138 km (85 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1982 January 21 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-26 (3B-62).
  • OPS 2849 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 52 / Agena D. Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1982-04-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13040 . COSPAR: 1982-006A. Apogee: 527 km (327 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Summary: Possible test of KH-12 systems. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1983 April 15 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-27 (3B-63).
  • OPS 2925 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 53 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1983-08-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 14001 . COSPAR: 1983-032A. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi). Perigee: 131 km (81 mi). Inclination: 96.5000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1984 April 17 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-28 (3B-67).
  • OPS 8424 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 54 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1984-08-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 14935 . COSPAR: 1984-039A. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi). Perigee: 127 km (78 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

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