Encyclopedia Astronautica
Topaze VE111L


French test vehicle. The VE111L (long) used the stretched NA803 motor. The VE111L was successfully demonstrated the thrust vectoring concept over a longer burn period. The last two flights were VE111LG configuration, equipped with all-up inertial navigation systems.

Payload: 360 kg (790 lb) to a 110 km altitude.

Gross mass: 3,434 kg (7,570 lb).
Payload: 360 kg (790 lb).
Height: 7.90 m (25.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.80 m (2.62 ft).
Thrust: 147.00 kN (33,046 lbf).
Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).
First Launch: 1963.12.21.
Last Launch: 1965.05.21.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • Soleil NA803 Nord solid rocket engine. 147 kN. 2200 kg Isolane propellant. Stretched version of the NA802. Used on Topaze launch vehicle. First flight 1964. More...

See also
  • VE Series of Experimental Vehicles (VE's), each named after precious stones, leading to the MSBS/SSBS solid propellant missiles that made up the French nuclear deterrent. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • SEREB French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. SEREB, France. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Hammaguira The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967. More...

Associated Stages

Topaze VE111L Chronology


1963 December 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L L1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 March 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L L2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1965 May 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L LG1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L LG2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

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