Encyclopedia Astronautica
Tu-133


Russian intercontinental cruise missile. Mach 3 intercontinental range cruise missile, cancelled in 1960 before flight tests began.

The Tu-133 (other sources call it the Tu-123) was an intercontinental supersonic cruise missile based on the Tu-121 drone. Extra range would be achieved through additional external and internal fuel tanks and use of the more economical NK-6 engine. The missile, known as article 'D', was developed in the 1957-1960 period, and would have cruised at 2800 km/hr at an altitude of 20 to 25 km over a range of 9000 km (other sources indicate a range of only 5000 to 6000 km). A thermonuclear warhead of the same type as the Tu-121 would have been delivered with a 10 km CEP. The NK-6 engine would have developed 18,000 to 22,000 kgf. In the face of successful production of less vulnerable intercontinental ballistic missiles, the project was cancelled in 1960 before any flights were undertaken. However the design was developed further and finally deployed as the Yastreb target drone, simulating B-70 or SR-71 aircraft.

Guidance contractor: NII-1 MAP. Standard warhead: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Maximum range: 6,000 km (3,700 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Standard warhead: 205. CEP: 10.00 km (6.00 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Cruise Thrust: 215.000 kN (48,333 lbf). Cruise Thrust: 22,000 kgf. Cruise engine:NK-6. Maximum speed: 2,800 kph (1,700 mph).

AKA: Tu-123D; D; 123.
Status: Cancelled 1960.
Payload: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb).
Thrust: 215.00 kN (48,333 lbf).
Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • PRD-52 Kartukov solid rocket engine. 784 kN. DBR-1 Yastreb. Out of Production. Thrust 80 tf at ignition, 75 tf at cutout. More...

See also
  • Soviet Strategic Cruise Missiles As in America, in the 1946 assessments of German military technology, the technical problems of the intercontinental ballistic missile seemed far less than a high-speed cruise missile for the same mission. The Soviet Union developed several such missiles, counterparts to the American Navaho. As in America, it turned out that the ICBM was ready before the cruise missiles were - the navigation and propulsion issues of Mach 3 intercontinental flight were much more difficult than those for Mach 22 ballistic flight. As in America, the projects were cancelled, although they contributed greatly to the national technological base. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Tupolev Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Tupolev Design Bureau, Russia. More...

Bibliography
  • Pervov, Mikhail, Raketnoye Oruzhiye RVSN, Violanta, Moscow, 1999..
  • Karpenko, A V, Utkin, A F and Popov,A D, Otechestvenniye strategischeskiye raketnoye kompleks, Sankt-Peterburg: Nevskii bastion; Gangut 1999..

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