Encyclopedia Astronautica

Russian surface-to-air missile. Naval version of the SA-2 Guideline. Installed on the test cruiser Dzerzhinsky 1958-1982. Not adopted for fleet use due to the missile's liquid propellants, but exploited for its unique capability, including ability to intercept targets travelling at up to 2300 kph

Development of a naval surface-to-air missile M-2 Volkhov-M on the basis of the land-based S-75 Dvina in 1955. It was only emplaced as an experimental installation on the test cruiser Dzerzhinsky. The Dzerzhinsky had gone into service in 1952. Under special project 7OE it was converted to surface-to-air missile capability in 1957-1958. The M-2 installation included ten V-753 missiles. The system completed qualification tests in August 1961. Problems associated with the handling of liquid propellants aboard a surface ship led to it not being installed in other vessels. Although not accepted for use throughout the fleet, the unique capability of the system led to it staying in service for over twenty years. The Dzerzhinsky was dispatched to provide protection to Egypt during the 1973 war, and was finally retired from service in 1982 and scrapped in 1988.

Standard warhead: 130 kg (280 lb). Maximum range: 43 km (26 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Cruise engine: Liquid Rocket. Minimum range: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Initial Operational Capability: 1958. Floor: 400 m (1,310 ft).

AKA: SA-N-2; Volkhov-M; Guideline; M-2; V-753.
Gross mass: 2,300 kg (5,000 lb).
Payload: 130 kg (280 lb).
Height: 10.40 m (34.10 ft).
Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
  • S-75 Known in the west as the SA-2 Guideline, this weapon was responsible for the downing of more American aircraft than any missile in history. It was deployed worldwide beginning in 1957, and improvements and updates, many by third parties, continued into the 21st Century. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Almaz Russian manufacturer of rockets. Almaz Design Bureau, Moscow, Russia. More...
  • Grushin Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Fakel Machine Building Design Bureau named for P D Grushin, Khimki, Russia. More...

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