Encyclopedia Astronautica
VE



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Series of Experimental Vehicles (VE's), each named after precious stones, leading to the MSBS/SSBS solid propellant missiles that made up the French nuclear deterrent.

In 1959 French President de Gaulle approved development of a national deterrent force that included silo-based and submarine-based solid propellant ballistic missiles. A series of test rockets, based on available French solid propellant motors, would be necessary to prove thrust vectoring, solid propellant chemistry, control, guidance, and re-entry vehicles for the operational missiles. In September 1959 SEREB (Societe pour l'Etude et la Realisation d'Engins Balistiques) was created as a private company for development of these test vehicles and ballistic missiles. A basic ballistic research (EBB) program was carried using a series of Experimental Vehicles (VE's), each named after precious stones. These were flown in the 1960's, with a short-term result being the Diamant, France's interim satellite launch vehicle.

Failures: 1. Success Rate: 96.88%. First Fail Date: 1963-11-19. Last Fail Date: 1963-11-19. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1965.
First Launch: 1960.12.17.
Last Launch: 1965.05.21.
Number: 32 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • VE Series of Experimental Vehicles (VE's), each named after precious stones, leading to the MSBS/SSBS solid propellant missiles that made up the French nuclear deterrent. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • SEREB French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. SEREB, France. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Serra, Jean-Jacques, Rockets in Europe, Web Address when accessed: here.

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