Encyclopedia Astronautica
VLS



vls.jpg
VLS Launch Vehicle
Brazilian VLS space launcher in its launch complex at Alcantara.
Brazilian satellite launcher building on successful family of sounding rockets.

LEO Payload: 380 kg (830 lb) to a 200 km orbit at 5.00 degrees. Payload: 80 kg (176 lb) to a 800 km SSO. Failures: 4. Success Rate: 42.86%. First Fail Date: 1985-12-01. Last Fail Date: 2003-08-22. Launch data is: continuing. Development Cost $: 300.000 million in 1999 dollars. Flyaway Unit Cost $: 8.000 million in 1990 dollars.

Stage Data - VLS

  • Stage 0. 4 x VLS-0. Gross Mass: 8,550 kg (18,840 lb). Empty Mass: 1,328 kg (2,927 lb). Thrust (vac): 303.000 kN (68,117 lbf). Isp: 260 sec. Burn time: 59 sec. Isp(sl): 225 sec. Diameter: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Span: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Length: 9.00 m (29.50 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: S-43. Other designations: Veiculo Lancador de Satelites. Status: In production.
  • Stage 1. 1 x VLS-1. Gross Mass: 8,720 kg (19,220 lb). Empty Mass: 1,536 kg (3,386 lb). Thrust (vac): 320.600 kN (72,074 lbf). Isp: 277 sec. Burn time: 58 sec. Isp(sl): 170 sec. Diameter: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Span: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Length: 8.10 m (26.50 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: S-43TM. Other designations: Veiculo Lancador de Satelites. Status: In production.
  • Stage 2. 1 x VLS-2. Gross Mass: 5,664 kg (12,486 lb). Empty Mass: 1,212 kg (2,672 lb). Thrust (vac): 208.390 kN (46,848 lbf). Isp: 275 sec. Burn time: 56 sec. Isp(sl): 204 sec. Diameter: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Span: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Length: 5.80 m (19.00 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: S-40TM. Other designations: Veiculo Lancador de Satelites. Status: In production.
  • Stage 3. 1 x VLS-3. Gross Mass: 1,025 kg (2,259 lb). Empty Mass: 190 kg (410 lb). Thrust (vac): 33.240 kN (7,473 lbf). Isp: 282 sec. Burn time: 68 sec. Isp(sl): 0.0000 sec. Diameter: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Span: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Length: 1.80 m (5.90 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: S-44. Other designations: Veiculo Lancador de Satelites. Status: In production.

AKA: Veiculo Lancador de Satelites.
Status: Active.
Gross mass: 49,609 kg (109,369 lb).
Payload: 380 kg (830 lb).
Height: 19.50 m (63.90 ft).
Diameter: 1.00 m (3.20 ft).
Thrust: 1,048.90 kN (235,802 lbf).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).
First Launch: 1985.12.01.
Last Launch: 2003.08.22.
Number: 7 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • SCD Brazilian communications technology satellite. 3 launches, 1993.02.09 (SCD-1) to 1998.10.23 (SCD-2). Environmental data relay. More...
  • SACI Brazilian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1999.10.14 (SACI 1) and 1999.12.11 (SACI-2). INPE experimental scientific satellites; carried a magnetometer, particle detectors and an atmospheric experiment. More...

Associated Engines
  • S-40TM IAE solid rocket engine. 208.4 kN. Isp=272s. Used on VLS launch vehicle. First flight 1985. More...
  • S-43 IAE solid rocket engine. 303 kN. Isp=265s. Used on VLS launch vehicle. First flight 1985. More...
  • S-43TM IAE solid rocket engine. 321.7 kN. Isp=276s. Used on VLS launch vehicle. First flight 1985. More...
  • S-44 IAE solid rocket engine. 33.2 kN. Isp=282s. Used on VLS launch vehicle. First flight 1985. More...

See also
  • VLS Brazilian satellite launcher building on successful family of sounding rockets. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • INPE Brazilian agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espacias, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Report (Internet Newsletter), Harvard University, Weekly, 1989 to Present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Isakowitz, Steven J,, International Reference to Space Launch Systems Second Edition, AIAA, Washington DC, 1991 (succeeded by 2000 edition).
  • Wilson, Andrew, editor,, Jane's/Interavia Space Directory, Jane's Information Group, Coulsdon, Surrey, 1992 et al.
  • Isakowitz, Steven J, Hopkins, Joshua B, and Hopkins, Joseph P, International Reference to Space Launch Systems, AIAA, Washington DC, 2004.
  • NASA/GSFC Orbital Information Group Website, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Space-Launcher.com, Orbital Report News Agency. Web Address when accessed: here.

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