In June 1962 NASA funded studies with several contractors on Operations and Logistics for Space Stations. North American's study was dated 18 March 1963. The second alternative was a two-stage reusable booster derived from the Saturn V. This would boost either an 11,400 kg cargo, or a half-disc lifting body spaceplane, which would accommodate two crew plus ten passengers and minor cargo
The next S-IC flyback booster study was made in 1963 by NASA-MSFC in collaboration with Boeing. The Boeing 922-12 had wings with span of 45 m and 930 sq m area. The wingtip fins provided a total vertical area of 85 sq m each. A manned cockpit would have been just ahead of the left wing. The underwing jet engine pods would have housed 6 x J93-F3 engines or 8 x J58's. The wings were separable and could be flown without the S-IC or used to ferry stock S-IC stages. MSFC estimated use of the wings as a flyback booster would cut the two-stage Saturn IC/Saturn II payload by 20%. Recovery of the S-II stage was also considered, but this would have reduced payload by 70%.
Similar concepts were later proposed by MSFC (1967),
Convair (1967), and then for Shuttle Phase B (Grumman 1971). They continued to be dusted off occasionally right to the end of the 20th Century...
LEO Payload: 80,000 kg (176,000 lb) to a 300 km orbit at 28.00 degrees.
Status: Study 1963.
More... - Chronology...
Gross mass: 2,720,000 kg (5,990,000 lb).
Payload: 80,000 kg (176,000 lb).
Height: 107.20 m (351.70 ft).
Diameter: 10.60 m (34.70 ft).
Span: 45.00 m (147.00 ft).
Thrust: 33,000.00 kN (7,418,000 lbf).
Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
Saturn The Saturn launch vehicle was the penultimate expression of the Peenemuende Rocket Team's designs for manned exploration of the moon and Mars. Numerous designs and variants were studied, but in the end only three models - the Saturn I, IB, and V - were built in the 1960's, and then only used to support NASA's Apollo moon landing program. More...
Winged In the beginning, nobody (except Jules Verne) thought anybody would be travelling to space and back in ballistic cannon balls. The only proper way for a space voyager to return to earth was at the controls of a real winged airplane. More...
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Boeing American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Boeing Aerospace, Seattle, USA. More...
McDowell, Jonathan, Launch Log, October 1998. Web Address when accessed: here.
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