Encyclopedia Astronautica
Zenit-2 11K77.05


Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. Version with a dispenser for multiple Globalstar communications satellite launches.

LEO Payload: 13,500 kg (29,700 lb). Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1998-09-09. Last Fail Date: 1998-09-09.

Status: Retired 1998.
Gross mass: 459,000 kg (1,011,000 lb).
Payload: 13,500 kg (29,700 lb).
Height: 57.00 m (187.00 ft).
Diameter: 3.90 m (12.70 ft).
Thrust: 7,259.00 kN (1,631,888 lbf).
First Launch: 1998.09.09.
Number: 1 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Globalstar American communications satellite. 72 launches, 1998.02.14 (Globalstar FM1) to 2007.10.20 (Globalstar D). The Globalstar constellation was a Medium Earth Orbit system for mobile voice and data communications. More...

See also
  • Zenit Zenit was to be a modular new generation medium Soviet launch vehicle, replacing the various ICBM-derived launch vehicles in use since the 1960's (Tsiklon and Soyuz). A version of the first stage was used as strap-ons for the cancelled Energia heavy booster. But it was built by Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine; when the Soviet Union broke up planned large-scale production for the Soviet military was abandoned (Angara development was begun as an indigenous alternative). Launch pads were completed only at Baikonur; those at Plesetsk were never finished and are planned to be completed as Angara pads. However the vehicle found new life as a commercial launch vehicle, launched from a sea platform by an American/Ukrainian consortium. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Yuzhnoye Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...

Associated Stages
  • Zenit-1 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 354,300/28,600 kg. Thrust 8,181.13 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 337 seconds. Modification of same stage used as strap-on for Energia launch vehicle. More...
  • Zenit-2 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 90,600/9,000 kg. Thrust 912.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 349 seconds. More...

Zenit-2 11K77.05 Chronology


1998 September 9 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2 11K77.05. LV Configuration: Zenit-2 11K77.05 22D (67047801). FAILURE: Computer error caused a very premature engine shutdown during second stage burn.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Globalstar FM5 - . Payload: Globalstar FM5. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. COSPAR: F980909A. Summary: Fell in Siberia..

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