Encyclopedia Astronautica

Argentinan agency. ArSat, Argentina.

Nahuelsat was founded in 1993 by three European aerospace companies Daimler-Benz Aerospace (Germany), Aerospatiale (France) and Alenia Spazio (Italy). Other companies joined, with GE Americom increasing its stake in 1997, the same year Nahuelsat launched the Nahuel 1 satellite. In 2005 what was by then SES Americom withdrew, and Nahuelsat was reorganized into ArSat, a government-designated Argentine national satellite operator. As of 2007 Ar-Sat's only asset was still the single Nahuel 1 satellite, positioned at 71.8W, expected to remain operational until 2009. Control of the satellite was handled by a ground station at Benavidez near Buenos Aires and a backup station at Bosque Alegre near Cordoba.

AKA: ArSat; Nahuelsat (1993).

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Associated Countries
  • Argentina The Argentine Interplanetary Society was organized in the 1940's. In 1952 Argentina was one of the founding members of the International Astronautical Federation. From 1960 the Comision Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales (CNIE) worked with the Argentine Air Force's Instituto de Investigaciones Aeronauticas y Espaciales (IIAE) to develop indigenous sounding rockets and missiles. Argentina was the first country in Latin America to send an object into space using an indigenously-developed rocket. In the 1980's Argentina took part in a multinational effort to develop the Condor intermediate range missile. Under American pressure, the Condor Program was canceled in 1991, the IIAE and CNIE were dismantled, and further work on launch vehicles was banned. A new civilian space agency, CONAE was created, which concentrated on development of surveillance satellites for earth resource and environmental monitoring. More...

See also
  • Agency Agencies or institutions overseeing design, development, construction, or operation of space-related systems. More...

Associated Programs

ArSat Chronology

1997 January 30 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L V93.
  • Nahuel 1A - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: ArSat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: Nahuel. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 24714 . COSPAR: 1997-002B. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Geosynchronous. Stationed over 71.8W Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 72 deg W in 1997-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 71.82 deg W drifting at 0.007 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 71.83W drifting at 0.002W degrees per day..

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