Encyclopedia Astronautica
Makeyev


Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Makeyev Design Bureau, Kolomna, Russia.

The Makeyev bureau traces its origins back to the creation of a design bureau established in 1947 at Aircraft Factory 66 in Zlatoust. In 1949 the bureau was assigned full production engineering authority for the R-1 and made an independent Special Design Bureau SKB-385. The bureau was also to develop variations of the R-1 with greater range. But the work dragged on without results, and on 1 June 1951 Beria switched R-1 production engineering to Factory 586 at Dnepropetrovsk. Nevertheless on 13 December 1953 SKB-385 was made responsible for series production of Korolev's storable propellant R-11 tactical missile and its S2.253 engine.

Korolev was not interested in pursuing further development of the R-11. Following a protracted two-year test series, the design was finally accepted for military service. In June of 1955 Makeyev was made Chief Designer at SKB-385, responsible for production engineering of the R-11 and future small land and sea based ballistic missiles. SKB-385 was given complete responsibility for development of the sub-launched R-11FM in August 1955. SKB-385 was further expanded in 1958 when Plant 66 was incorporated into it.

The final refinement of the R-11 design was the R-17, to be exported and infamous around the world as the Scud-B. In 1958-1959 Makeyev designed and built the first mock-up of the new missile. But by then the decision was made to devote the bureau exclusively to submarine-launched missiles, and in 1959 the program was transferred to Votkinsk Machine Building Plant.

In 1959 SKB-385 moved from Zlatoust to Miass. In 1965 SKB-385 was renamed KBM (Design Bureau of Machine-building). In 1993 the enterprise was renamed the State Rocket Centre "Makeyev Design Bureau" (GRTs KBM). Following the break-up of the Soviet Union production orders for further ballistic missiles collapsed. Makeyev then began marketing space launch using surplus missiles, including provision of small satellites and re-entry vehicles for recoverable payloads of its own design.

AKA: SKB-385; KBM (1965); Makeyev (1976); GRTsKB Makeyev.
Location: Kolomna.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Globsat Russian communications satellite. Study 1993. The Salyut Design Bureau proposed the least ambitious of all Russian low earth orbit communications systems. More...
  • Kompas Russian earth seismology satellite. 2 launches, 2001.12.10 (Kompas) and 2006.05.26 (Kompas). More...

Associated Engines
See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-11 First Russian ballistic missile using storable propellants, developed from the German Wasserfall SAM by Korolev's OKB. The design was then spun off to the Makeyev OKB for development of Army (R-17 Scud) and SLBM (R-11FMA) derivatives. More...
  • R-11FM First Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Following protracted testing the design was accepted by the military in 1959 but never put into operational service. More...
  • R-11M Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Improved production version of R-11, not retired until 1977. More...
  • R-13 Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Developed from 1956-1960. First nuclear-armed SLBM. More...
  • R-21 Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1962. NATO code Serb may apply to SS-N-6 instead. First subsurface launched SLBM (development began at OKB- 586 and transferred to SKB-385). More...
  • R-21A Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Version of R-21 SLBM on Yankee submarines. More...
  • R-17 Russian short-range ballistic missile. The final refinement of the R-11 design, the R-17, was exported widely and became infamous around the world by its ASCC reporting name - "Scud". It was perhaps the most famous ballistic missile of the post-war period due to its use in the Iran-Iraq 'War of the Cities' and the Gulf War. This was the definitive production version of what was essentially a storable-propellant rocket with the performance of the V-2. The original design was by Makeyev but the missile itself was produced by the Votkinsk Machine Building Plant. More...
  • PR-90 Russian short range ballistic missile. Short-range air-augmented ballistic missile. Tested concepts for Gnom ICBM. More...
  • RT-15M Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Under the original resolution in 1961 starting the RT-2 programme, Makeyev was to develop a submarine-launched version of the RT-15, consisting of the first and second stages of the RT-2. It did not proceed beyond the study stage. More...
  • Zyb Russian zero-G suborbital launch vehicle based on surplus R-27 SLBM. Suborbital; 17-24 min zero G. Payload volume 1.5 cu. M. Payload 650 kg to 1800 km or 1000 kg to 1000 km. More...
  • R-27 Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1967. Correct NATO code may be Serb; Sawfly was competitor. Development completed 1968. More...
  • Gnom Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. Gnom was a unique design which represented the most advanced work ever undertaken on an air-augmented missile capable of intercontinental ranges or orbital flight. Although cancelled in 1965 before flight tests could begin, Gnom was the closest the world aerospace engineering community ever came to fielding an orbital-capable launcher of less than half of the mass of conventional designs. More...
  • R-29 Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First intercontinental submarine-launched ballistic missile (range 7800 km). First flight 1969. Development completed 1973. The variants of this missile were given three different DoD designations over the years (SS-N-8, SS-N-18, and SS-N-23). More...
  • Vysota Russian intercontinental ballistic suborbital launch vehicle. Two stage vehicle based on R-29D SLBM. Suborbital; 30-55 min zero G. Payload volume 0.7 cu. m. Payload 115 kg to 5200 km or 1150 kg to 200 km. Liftoff mass 33 tonnes. More...
  • R-27K Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight October 1972. More...
  • R-27U Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Development completed 1973. More...
  • R-29R Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1975; Nov 1978 first sub launch. Developed 1973-1977. 3 MIRV More...
  • Volna SLV Russian launch vehicle based on surplus R-29RL submarine launched ballistic missiles. Suborbital and orbital versions. Payload volume 1.3 cu. M. Payload 115 kg to 3000 km or 1250 kg to 200 km altitude suborbital trajectories, or 120 (260 lb) kg to a 200 km orbit. Liftoff mass 34 tonnes. More...
  • R-29D Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1976. Development completed 1974 according to Makeyev. More...
  • Tochka Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. Tactical short-range ballistic missile, deployed from 1976. More...
  • R-29K Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1977. More...
  • 3M20 Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1979. Four unsuccessful tests in 1980, two successful in 1981. Development completed 1983. SLBM on Typhoon subs. More...
  • Rif Russian orbital launch vehicle. R-39 SLBM adapted for use as suborbital test vehicle or orbital launch vehicle. More...
  • R-39 Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. SLBM developed for use on Typhoon subs. More...
  • R-39M Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Improved version. More...
  • 9K79 Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. Tactical ballistic missile. SS-21 is Tochka SRBM mounted on a ZIL-375 transporter, while SS-23 is the same missile on an 8-wheeled TEL. More...
  • R-29RL Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1981. SLBM on Delta 2 subs. 7 MIRV More...
  • Shtil Russian intercontinental ballistic orbital launch vehicle. Three stage vehicle based on R-29RM SLBM. More...
  • 3M65 First flight 1983. As of March 1986 only Russian SLBM in production. More...
  • 9K79-1 Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. Improved version. More...
  • Al Abbas Iraqi modification of the R-17 with an 800-km range, achieved by reducing warhead weight to 125 kg, and increasing propellant load by 30 percent . More...
  • Priboy/Surf Russian orbital launch vehicle. Launch vehicle using the 1st stage of the SS-N-20 SLBM topped by an SS-N-23 SLBM (RSM-52+RSM-54). Liftoff mass 104 tonnes. Can be launched from stationary or mobile platforms. More...
  • Riksha Russian orbital launch vehicle. New design launch vehicle based on SLBM technology. More...
  • Iskander New Russian tactical ballistic missile, conceived as a follow-on to the Scud. First fired on 25 October 1995. More...
  • Grom Russian orbital launch vehicle. Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x R-39 St 1 + 1 x R-39 St 2 + 1 x R-39 St 3 More...
  • Shtil-1/1N Russian intercontinental ballistic orbital launch vehicle. Three stage vehicle based on R-29RM SLBM. More...
  • Shtil-2/2N Russian intercontinental ballistic orbital launch vehicle. Three stage vehicle based on R-29RM SLBM with a special shroud. Liftoff mass 40 tonnes. Stationary launch platform. More...
  • Rif-MA Russian orbital launch vehicle. Orbital launch vehicle derived from R-39 SLBM. Air-launched from An-124. Ignition mass 79 tonnes. More...
  • Shtil-3A Russian intercontinental ballistic orbital launch vehicle. Proposed four-stage air-launched orbital launch vehicle based on R-29RM SLBM. Ignition mass 46 tonnes. More...
  • Shtil-3N Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Proposed orbital launch vehicle based on R-29RM SLBM with new third and additional fourth stages. Stationary launch. Liftoff mass 46 tonnes. More...
  • R-29RM Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. SLBM on Delta 4 subs. First flight June 1983. Developed 1973-1986. More...
  • Sineva Russian liquid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile. First aunch 2004.02.18; entered service 2007. Competitor was the solid-propellant Bulava. More...

Associated Stages
  • Grom-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 25,000 kg. More...
  • R-29-1 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 20,000 kg. Thrust 682.00 kN. More...
  • Rif-3 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 10,000 kg. More...
  • Shtil'-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 10,000 kg. More...
  • Volna-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 10,000 kg. More...
  • Volna-1 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 20,000 kg. Thrust 682.00 kN. More...
  • Vysota-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 10,000 kg. More...
  • Vysota-1 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 20,000 kg. Thrust 682.00 kN. More...

Makeyev Chronology


2000 September 26 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr 1.
  • SaudiSat 1B - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: Saudi Arabia. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: KACST. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: SaudiSat. USAF Sat Cat: 26549 . COSPAR: 2000-057E. Apogee: 664 km (413 mi). Perigee: 644 km (400 mi). Inclination: 64.5547 deg. Period: 97.73 min. Summary: Saudisat 1A and 1B were developed by the Saudi Institute for Space Research at KACST (King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology), Riyadh, and carried amateur store-forward communications payloads..
  • MegSat-1 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: MegSat. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MegSat. USAF Sat Cat: 26546 . COSPAR: 2000-057B. Apogee: 649 km (403 mi). Perigee: 643 km (399 mi). Inclination: 64.5574 deg. Period: 97.56 min. Summary: Research satellite owned and built by MegSat Space Division, part of the Gruppo Meggiorin companies in Brescia, Italy..
  • UniSat - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: la Sapienza. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: UniSat. USAF Sat Cat: 26547 . COSPAR: 2000-057C. Apogee: 670 km (416 mi). Perigee: 643 km (399 mi). Inclination: 64.5585 deg. Period: 97.78 min. Experimental satellite developed by the GAUSS (Gruppo di Astrodinamica dell' Universita degli Studi 'la Sapienza') in Roma. Unisat was financed by ASI and MURST (Ministero dell'Universtia e della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica). It carried NiMH batteries, a magnetometer, and a payload consisting of a space debris sensor and a camera.
  • SaudiSat 1A - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: Saudi Arabia. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: KACST. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: SaudiSat. USAF Sat Cat: 26548 . COSPAR: 2000-057D. Apogee: 651 km (404 mi). Perigee: 644 km (400 mi). Inclination: 64.5576 deg. Period: 97.59 min. Summary: Saudisat 1A and 1B were developed by the Saudi Institute for Space Research at KACST (King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology), Riyadh, and carried amateur store-forward communications payloads..

2001 December 10 - . 17:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2. LV Configuration: Zenit-2 19L (1381573091).
  • Kompas - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Makeyev. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft: Kompas. USAF Sat Cat: 27002 . COSPAR: 2001-056B. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 985 km (612 mi). Inclination: 99.2000 deg. Period: 105.10 min. The Russian Kompas satellite, built by Makeyev for the IZMIRAN geophysics institute, was an 80 kg satellite with a magnetometer and other sensors designed to attempt prediction of earthquakes. The satellite was originally built for use on the Shtil rocket.

2002 December 20 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr 1.
  • UniSat 2 - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: La Sapienza. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: UniSat. USAF Sat Cat: 27608 . COSPAR: 2002-058D. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 636 km (395 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 97.80 min.
  • Rubin 2 - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Bremen. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Rubin. USAF Sat Cat: 27609 . COSPAR: 2002-058E. Apogee: 645 km (400 mi). Perigee: 639 km (397 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Summary: Messaging technology satellite..

2004 June 29 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Aprizesat 1 (LatinSat C) - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Argentina. Agency: Makeyev. Program: AIS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: AprizeSat. USAF Sat Cat: 28372 . COSPAR: 2004-025G. Apogee: 767 km (476 mi). Perigee: 698 km (433 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.50 min.

2006 May 26 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil-1/1N. LV Configuration: Shtil-1/1N s/n No2.
  • Kompass-2 - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Izmiran. Manufacturer: Makeyev. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kompas. USAF Sat Cat: 29157 . COSPAR: 2006-019A. Apogee: 492 km (305 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 78.9000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Complex Orbital Magneto-Plasma Autonomous Small Satellite. Earthquake research satellite for the Moscow-based IZMIRAN science institute. The satellite carried detectors for electrons, UHF/VHF waves, UV emission and radiation, a radio frequency analyser for electric field waves, and a Mayak ionospheric beacon. Reports indicated that the satellite did not respond to ground commands and that its mission was abandoned.

2007 April 17 - . 06:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr 806.
  • CAPE 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Louisiana. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31130 . COSPAR: 2007-012P. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 646 km (401 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: Cajun Advanced Picosatellite Experiment by the University of Louisiana at Lafayette..
  • Aerocube 2 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Aerospace. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31122 . COSPAR: 2007-012F. Apogee: 771 km (479 mi). Perigee: 648 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: AeroSpace Corporation cubesat..
  • CSTB 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Boeing. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31133 . COSPAR: 2007-012R. Apogee: 771 km (479 mi). Perigee: 648 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: CubeSat TestBed for Boeing IDS/Advanced Systems, Huntington Beach, California..
  • CP 3 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Cal Poly. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31128 . COSPAR: 2007-012M. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 646 km (401 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: California Polytechnic University cubesat, the backup for CP2 lost in a Dnepr launch failure in 2006..
  • CP 4 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Cal Poly. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31132 . COSPAR: 2007-012Q. Apogee: 771 km (479 mi). Perigee: 648 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: California Polytechnic University cubesat..
  • Libertad - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Colombia. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Arboleda. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31129 . COSPAR: 2007-012N. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 646 km (401 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: Picosat built and operated by the Universidad Sergio Arboleda, Bogota, Colombia..

2007 June 28 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr s/n No. 10.
  • Genesis 2 - . Mass: 1,360 kg (2,990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Bigelow. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: Genesis Pathfinder. USAF Sat Cat: 31789 . COSPAR: 2007-028A. Apogee: 561 km (348 mi). Perigee: 556 km (345 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 95.80 min. One third scale version of the privately-financed Nautilus inflatable human space habitat module. The spacecraft's 22 interior and exterior cameras provided images of items and pictures carried for paying participants in Bigelow's “Fly your Stuff” program.

2008 August 29 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Tachys - . Mass: 152 kg (335 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-150. USAF Sat Cat: 33312 . COSPAR: 2008-040A. Apogee: 632 km (392 mi). Perigee: 606 km (376 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. RapidEye AG of Brandenberg paid for launch of a constellation of five environmental monitoring satellites in a single launch, each with a mass of 152 kg including 12 kg of propellant. The satellites had an optical resolution of 6 meters, and were designed to provide on-demand images for agricultural storm damage assessment and support of emergency services.
  • Mati - . Mass: 152 kg (335 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-150. USAF Sat Cat: 33313 . COSPAR: 2008-040B. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 624 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.50 min.
  • Choma - . Mass: 152 kg (335 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-150. USAF Sat Cat: 33314 . COSPAR: 2008-040C. Apogee: 631 km (392 mi). Perigee: 598 km (371 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.00 min.
  • Choros - . Mass: 152 kg (335 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-150. USAF Sat Cat: 33315 . COSPAR: 2008-040D. Apogee: 639 km (397 mi). Perigee: 620 km (380 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.30 min.
  • Trochia - . Mass: 152 kg (335 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-150. USAF Sat Cat: 33316 . COSPAR: 2008-040E. Apogee: 647 km (402 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.40 min.

2008 October 1 - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Theos - . Mass: 715 kg (1,576 lb). Nation: Thailand. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: ROCSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 33396 . COSPAR: 2008-049A. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 673 km (418 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 98.40 min. Summary: Thai surveillance satellite, based on EADS Astrium bus used for ROCSAT-2..

2009 July 29 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Deimos 1 - . Mass: 90 kg (198 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: Makeyev. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 35681 . COSPAR: 2009-041A. Apogee: 677 km (420 mi). Perigee: 635 km (394 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 97.80 min. Summary: Deimos Space SL, Madrid, Spain..
  • Dubaisat 1 - . Mass: 190 kg (410 lb). Nation: UAE. Agency: Makeyev. Spacecraft: SatRec. USAF Sat Cat: 35682 . COSPAR: 2009-041B. Apogee: 682 km (423 mi). Perigee: 666 km (413 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.20 min. Summary: Emirates Institute of Advanced Science and Technology, Dubai..
  • DMC 2 - . Mass: 95 kg (209 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Makeyev. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 35683 . COSPAR: 2009-041C. Apogee: 677 km (420 mi). Perigee: 625 km (388 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 97.80 min. Summary: DMC International Imaging, Guildford, Surrey, UK..
  • Aprizesat 4 - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: Makeyev. Program: AIS. Spacecraft: Aprizesat. USAF Sat Cat: 35684 . COSPAR: 2009-041D. Apogee: 677 km (420 mi). Perigee: 607 km (377 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Summary: Spacequest, Fairfax, Virginia..
  • Nanosat 1B - . Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: Makeyev. USAF Sat Cat: 35685 . COSPAR: 2009-041E. Apogee: 677 km (420 mi). Perigee: 587 km (364 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 97.30 min. Summary: INTA, Spain..
  • Aprizesat 3 - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: Makeyev. Program: AIS. Spacecraft: Aprizesat. USAF Sat Cat: 35686 . COSPAR: 2009-041F. Apogee: 677 km (420 mi). Perigee: 566 km (351 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Summary: Spacequest, Fairfax, Virginia..

2010 April 8 - . 13:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr s/n D-14.
  • Cryosat 2 - . Mass: 720 kg (1,580 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Makeyev. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Cryosat. USAF Sat Cat: 36508 . COSPAR: 2010-013A. Apogee: 724 km (449 mi). Perigee: 713 km (443 mi). Inclination: 92.0000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: Satellite carried a Ku-band radar to study the thickness of the polar ice caps. Launched to fulfill mission of Cryosat 1, which failed to reach orbit in 2005..

2010 June 15 - . 14:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Picard - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Makeyev. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 36598 . COSPAR: 2010-028A. Apogee: 730 km (450 mi). Perigee: 725 km (450 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. Summary: Solar observation payload..
  • Prisma - . Mass: 180 kg (390 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: Makeyev. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Prisma. USAF Sat Cat: 36599 . COSPAR: 2010-028B. Apogee: 787 km (489 mi). Perigee: 724 km (449 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.90 min. Summary: Prototype Research Instruments and Space Mission technology Advancement satellite to test space rendezvous and formation-flight technologies. Consisted of 140 kg primary satellite and 40 kg target..

2010 June 21 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr s/n D-16.
  • Tandem X - . Mass: 1,350 kg (2,970 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Makeyev. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: TerraSar-X. USAF Sat Cat: 36605 . COSPAR: 2010-030A. Apogee: 509 km (316 mi). Perigee: 507 km (315 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Summary: Radar surveillance satellite with 1-m resolution in spotlight mode..

2010 July 31 - . LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Prisma Tango - . Payload: Tango. Nation: Sweden. Agency: Makeyev. Spacecraft: Prisma. USAF Sat Cat: 36827 . COSPAR: 2010-028F. Apogee: 786 km (488 mi). Perigee: 725 km (450 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.90 min. Summary: Tango subsatellite separated from the main Prisma satellite Mango on 11 August 2010 at 17:51 GMT to begin formation flying experiments..

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