Encyclopedia Astronautica
PKO


Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Anti-Ballistic Missile Forces, Russia.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • IS-A Russian military anti-satellite system. 22 launches, 1967.10.27 (Cosmos 185) to 1982.06.18 (Cosmos 1379). First operational ASAT. Tested in 1967-1971 and deployed through the late 1970's. Design as revised by Yangel and Korolev from Chelomei's original. More...

See also
  • Agency Agencies or institutions overseeing design, development, construction, or operation of space-related systems. More...

Associated Programs
  • RORSAT Soviet military nuclear-reactor powered radar naval reconnaissance satellite network. More...

PKO Chronology


1958 October 16 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 12 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 November 24 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1960 December 10 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 December 23 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 December 31 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 January 13 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1961 January 14 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 February 18 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 February 22 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 March 2 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 March 4 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • R-12 Intercept ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 March 26 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 June 9 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 October 27 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • Op K-1 ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 October 27 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • Op K-2 ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1962 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 5TYa F2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 5TYa F4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 5TYa F3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 April 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 5TYa F1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 October 22 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • Operation K-3 ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1962 October 28 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • Operation K-4 ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • Operation K-5 ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1963? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 5TYa F5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1963? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa F2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 May 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 5TYa F6.
  • F6 test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1963 September 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa F1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1964? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa F4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1964? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa F3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa F5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa?.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa?.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa?.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa?.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa?.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa?.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 May 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa?.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 July 27 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dummy test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 September 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh.
  • Phase 1 state trials flight - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1967 October 27 - . 02:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 185 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1969-01-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 3013 . COSPAR: 1967-104A. Apogee: 887 km (551 mi). Perigee: 518 km (321 mi). Inclination: 64.2000 deg. Period: 98.80 min. Summary: First test of Istrebitel Sputnik. Only tested engine; no target launched. First launch of Tsykon launch vehicle..

1968 April 24 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/20. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 217 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: IS-P. Decay Date: 1968-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 3216 . COSPAR: 1968-036A. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi). Perigee: 140 km (80 mi). Inclination: 62.3000 deg. Period: 87.70 min. Summary: Unsuccessful launch of ASAT target. Satellite did not separate from last rocket stage. Planned launch of interceptor cancelled..

1968 October 19 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 248 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: IS-P. Decay Date: 1980-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 3503 . COSPAR: 1968-090A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 475 km (295 mi). Inclination: 62.3000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Summary: ASAT target. Intercepted repeatedly by Cosmos 249 on 20 October; destroyed by Cosmos 252 on 1 November..

1968 October 20 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/20. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 249 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1968-10-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 3504 . COSPAR: 1968-091A. Apogee: 2,075 km (1,289 mi). Perigee: 498 km (309 mi). Inclination: 62.3000 deg. Period: 111.30 min. ASAT interceptor. Intercepted Cosmos 248 target on second orbit. Repeatedly approached Cosmos 248, verifying primary and reserve homing and guidance systems. Destroyed itself in test of on-board destruct system. Counted as a failure by Western observers because that target was not destroyed; but this was not an objective of the test. Left 109 fragments in orbit, of which 54 were still in orbit in 1996.

1968 November 1 - . 00:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/20. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 252 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1968-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 3530 . COSPAR: 1968-097A. Apogee: 2,104 km (1,307 mi). Perigee: 535 km (332 mi). Inclination: 62.3000 deg. Period: 112.00 min. Summary: ASAT interceptor. Intercepted and destroyed Cosmos 248 target satellite within one day of launch. Left 139 fragments in orbit, the largest of any ASAT test..

1969 August 6 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 291 - . Payload: IS-P Mass Model. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: IS-P. Decay Date: 1969-09-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 4058 . COSPAR: 1969-066A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 144 km (89 mi). Inclination: 62.2000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Summary: Test of Tsyklon 2 booster; ASAT target mass model. Did not enter typical target orbit due to lack of on-board engine. Simulated launch of ASAT interceptor planned for the next day was cancelled..

1969 December 23 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 316 - . Payload: IS-A Mass Model. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1970-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 4282 . COSPAR: 1969-108A. Apogee: 1,638 km (1,017 mi). Perigee: 152 km (94 mi). Inclination: 49.5000 deg. Period: 102.80 min. Test of Tsyklon 2 booster; mass model of ASAT. When the satellite decayed over US Midwest on 28 August 1970, teams of the USAF 1127th Special Group were able to recover six pieces from five locations in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas. These showed that the necessary operational systems - translation engines, sensors, weapons systems - were dummied by steel weights. However factory markings on the recovered material proved to the Air Force analysts that they were dealing with an ASAT weapon.

1970 October 3 - . 10:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 367 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1970-10-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 4566 . COSPAR: 1970-079C. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 915 km (568 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 104.50 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance; probably used chemical batteries..

1970 October 20 - . 05:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 373 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: IS-P. Decay Date: 1980-03-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 4590 . COSPAR: 1970-087A. Apogee: 1,103 km (685 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 62.9000 deg. Period: 101.00 min. Summary: ASAT target. Maneuvered twice to provide target for Cosmos 374 and 375 interceptors..

1970 October 23 - . 04:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 374 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1970-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 4594 . COSPAR: 1970-089A. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 531 km (329 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 105.10 min. Summary: ASAT interceptor. Intercepted Cosmos 374 on second orbit. Blown up on instructions from ground..

1970 October 30 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 375 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1970-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 4598 . COSPAR: 1970-091A. Apogee: 1,986 km (1,234 mi). Perigee: 579 km (359 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 111.20 min. ASAT interceptor. Intercept on second orbit. Blown up on instructions from ground. Dual launch of interceptors was intended to help ground staff perfect computational methods for quick-response launches when orbital methods of target were not precisely known.

1971 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350R.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350R.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350R.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1971 February 16 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1971 February 25 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 397 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. USAF Sat Cat: 4964 . COSPAR: 1971-015A. Apogee: 2,164 km (1,344 mi). Perigee: 572 km (355 mi). Inclination: 65.7000 deg. Period: 113.10 min. Summary: ASAT interceptor. Intercept and destruction of target successful on second orbit..

1971 April 4 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 404 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1971-04-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 5113 . COSPAR: 1971-027A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 802 km (498 mi). Inclination: 65.7000 deg. Period: 103.10 min. ASAT interceptor. Conducted an extended test flight to shake out homing system and engine function. Tested new redundant ranging systems. Tested effectiveness of new approach trajectory to target, whereby target was approached from above rather than below. Following completion of tests and verification of system functions via telemetry, spacecraft was commanded to a destructive reentry over the Pacific Ocean.

1971 December 3 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 462 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1975-04-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 5646 . COSPAR: 1971-106A. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Perigee: 229 km (142 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 105.40 min. ASAT interceptor. Successfully intercepted and destroyed Cosmos 459 target. This completed state trials test series and in 1972 the Istrebitel Sputnik was adopted as armament for the Soviet Army. Cosmos 462 produced the lowest number of fragments (27) of any of the ASAT's tested.

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350R.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1976 February 16 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 804 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1976-02-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 8694 . COSPAR: 1976-015A. Apogee: 702 km (436 mi). Perigee: 160 km (90 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 93.10 min. Summary: ASAT interceptor. After intercept with target deorbited using on-board engine..

1976 April 13 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 814 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1976-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 8806 . COSPAR: 1976-034A. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi). Perigee: 118 km (73 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Summary: ASAT interceptor. After intercept with target deorbited using on-board engine..

1976 October 29 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225.
  • Intercept - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350R.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1977 July 28 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225.
  • Intercept - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 March 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 51T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1979 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 51T6.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 June 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 51T6.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 June 18 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1379 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1982-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 13281 . COSPAR: 1982-060A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 144 km (89 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Summary: ASAT interceptor. Succeeded in intercept of Cosmos 1375 target. Deorbited using on-board engine. Final test of series..

1993 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350R.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1999 November 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350R.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1999 November 2 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2002 October 2 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 51T6. LV Configuration: A-925 51T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2004 November 29 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2006 December 5 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2007 October 11 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2007 October 30 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

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