Encyclopedia Astronautica
Toshiba


Japanese manufacturer of spacecraft. Toshiba Corp. , Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Location: Tokyo.

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Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • ETS-7 Japanese rendezvous technology satellite. One launch, 1997.11.27, Hikoboshi. Technology satellite, to accomplish remote automatic rendezvous and docking. More...
  • ETS-7 Target Japanese rendezvous technology satellite. One launch, 1997.11.27, Orihime. Attached to Hikoboshi. Docking target for ETS-7. More...
  • Kakehashi Japanese communications satellite. One launch, 1998.02.21. Name means 'Bridge', was called Communications and Broadcasting Experimental Test Satellite (COMETS) before launch. It contained Ka-band communications and inter-satellite data relay payloads. More...

See also

Toshiba Chronology


1997 November 27 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-II. LV Configuration: H-II-6F.
  • Hikoboshi - . Payload: ETS-7. Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS-7. USAF Sat Cat: 25064 . COSPAR: 1997-074B. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 545 km (338 mi). Inclination: 35.0000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. The Orihime and Hikoboshi satellites undocked and redocked on July 7 1998 in the FP-1 test of automated docking systems. Despite claims of the NASDA space agency that this is a first, automated Russian craft have docked on many occasions since the Kosmos-186/188 docking in 1968.
  • Orihime - . Payload: ETS-7 Target. Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS-7 Target. Decay Date: 1999-01-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 25424 . COSPAR: 1997-074E. Apogee: 458 km (284 mi). Perigee: 346 km (214 mi). Inclination: 34.5000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Summary: Attached to Hikoboshi. It would later separate and serve as a passive docking target for the Hikobishi active automatic docking technology spacecraft..

1998 February 21 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-II. LV Configuration: H-II H-II-5F.
  • Kakehashi - . Payload: COMETS. Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Manufacturer: Toshiba; NEC. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Kakehashi. USAF Sat Cat: 25175 . COSPAR: 1998-011A. Apogee: 17,727 km (11,015 mi). Perigee: 1,033 km (641 mi). Inclination: 30.1000 deg. Period: 328.10 min. Kakehashi, meaning 'Bridge', was called Communuications and Broadcasting Experimental Test Satellite (COMETS) before launch. It contained Ka-band communications and inter-satellite data relay payloads. Premature shutdown 44 seconds into the H-II second stage second burn put the satellite into a much lower than planned orbit. The on-board Unified Propulsion System was used to raise it to a more useful orbit.

2005 July 10 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-6.
  • Suzaku - . Payload: Astro E2. Mass: 1,680 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ASTRO E. USAF Sat Cat: 28773 . COSPAR: 2005-025A. Apogee: 573 km (356 mi). Perigee: 562 km (349 mi). Inclination: 31.4000 deg. Period: 96.00 min. Delayed from February, June 26, July 6 and 8, 2005. CUTE-1.7 nanosat mistakenly reported on this flight. Astro-E2 was renamed Suzaku (after a legendary red bird) after launch. It replaced the Astro-E, which never reached orbit due to an M-V-4 launch failure in 2000. The satellite had five 0.4-meter diameter X-ray telescopes, one with an XRS microcalorimeter and the other four with X-ray CCD cameras. However it was revealed that the XRS failed on 9 August due to leaking of helium coolant.

2005 August 23 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Kirari - . Mass: 570 kg (1,250 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kirari. USAF Sat Cat: 28809 . COSPAR: 2005-031A. Apogee: 614 km (381 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Moved from J-1A . Delayed from August 15. Optical Inter-Orbit Communications Engineering Test Satellite. Its laser communications experiment was be used in with ESA's Artemis geostationary satellite. The satellite was renamed Kirari (twinkle) after launch.

2006 January 24 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 2022. LV Configuration: H-IIA 2022 H-IIA-8F.
  • Daichi - . Payload: ALOS-1. Mass: 3,850 kg (8,480 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Daichi. USAF Sat Cat: 28931 . COSPAR: 2006-002A. Apogee: 697 km (433 mi). Perigee: 693 km (430 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Summary: Advanced Land Observing Satellite, which carried an L-band synthetic aperture radar, an optical 2.5-meter resolution mapping camera, and a 10-meter resolution visible/near-infrared radiometer..

2006 February 21 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-8.
  • Astro F (Akari) - . Mass: 960 kg (2,110 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Program: Astro. Class: Astronomy. Type: Infrared astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Akari. USAF Sat Cat: 28939 . COSPAR: 2006-005A. Apogee: 719 km (446 mi). Perigee: 705 km (438 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: Carried a 0.67m-diameter liquid-helium-cooled infrared telescope with detectors ranging from the near infrared to 60 and 170 micron channels in the far IR. It was to carry out the first far infrared sky survey since IRAS in 1983..

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