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Nike Orion
Part of Hawk Family
Nike Orion
Nike Orion
American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle. Payload 68 kg to 190 km or 204 kg to 90 km. The Nike motor had three equally spaced unmodified Ajax fins, and the Orion motor had four fins on the aft end arranged in a cruciform configuration to provide stability. The first stage Nike booster had an action time of 3.2 seconds. The second stage ignited 9 seconds after liftoff and had an action time of 32 seconds. Capability 68 kg payload to 190 kilometers or a 204 kg payload to 90 kilometers when launched from sea level at an 85 degree launch angle.

Status: Active. First Launch: 1977-02-26. Last Launch: 2002-05-16. Number: 180 . Thrust: 217.00 kN (48,783 lbf). Gross mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Height: 9.00 m (29.50 ft). Diameter: 0.42 m (1.37 ft). Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

The Nike-Orion was a two-stage, unguided, fin stabilized rocket system which utilized a Nike M5-El (or M88) first stage booster and a surplus Army Orion rocket motor for the second stage propulsion. The Nike motor had three equally spaced unmodified Ajax fins, and the Orion motor had four fins on the aft end arranged in a cruciform configuration to provide stability. The first stage Nike booster had an action time of 3.2 seconds. The second stage ignited 9 seconds after liftoff and had an action time of 32 seconds.

The standard payload for the Nike-Orion had a principal diameter of 36 cm and utilized various nose cone fineness ratios. The normal payload length varied from about 1.8 to 3.0 m although this was not the maximum envelope. Payloads from 15 to 44 cm diameter were also flown on the Nike-Orion. Standard hardware included a separable clamshell nose cone and an Orion Standard Ignition System. Separation systems could be provided to separate the payload from the motor during ascent.



Country: USA. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, White Sands, Poker Flat, Fort Churchill, Andoya, Kiruna, Natal, Biscarosse, Red Lake, Red Lake CHK, Chilca PLOB, Alcantara, SvalRak. Stages: Orion engine, M5E1. Agency: Raytheon.

1977 February 26 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Auroral NO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1977 March 9 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Auroral NO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1977 July 12 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1977 December 14 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1978 April 13 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S27 TWILIGHT Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S32 NLC-OBS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1979 February 26 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse ASL-SE-79B1 Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Eclipse ASL-SE-79B1. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse ASL-SE-79A1 Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Eclipse ASL-SE-79A1. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse LWIR Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi). Eclipse LWIR. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 August 14 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Dummy Orion test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1979 August 21 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S27 / 2 Twilight B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 September 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Natal 6 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 26 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Natal 6 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 August 14 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-C Ferdinand 57 / Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-C E6C Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-B Ferdinand 55 / Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-B E6A1 S10.12-1 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A Ferdinand 56 Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6A2 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6B Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1981 February 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • OXYGEN Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1981 March 8 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1981 March 13 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1981 March 30 - . 05:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • LADY LOU Ba Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1981 April 3 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • KLONDIKE KATE Barium release Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1981 August 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1981 October 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 January 20 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1982 January 23 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 January 23 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1982 January 24 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 February 19 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 June 23 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1982 July 7 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1982 July 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Cold Arctic Mesopause Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Strafam 1 / 2 Technology / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP-P Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP / SOAP-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP TAD Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1982 August 9 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 August 12 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP / SOAP-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1983 February 27 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 March 8 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 March 12 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 August 30 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 September 7 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 November 17 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 November 19 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 November 19 - . 10:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 71 M-T 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 66 M-T 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 68 M-T 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1984 January 25 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 67 M-T 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 70 M-T 5 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 73 M-M 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC SOAP / WINE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 69 M-T 6 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC SOAP / WINE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 72 M-M 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 64 M-T 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 65 M-T 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1984 February 23 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1984 February 27 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1984 May 10 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1984 August 23 - . 09:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1984 September 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 March 15 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1985 March 22 - . 17:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1985 March 29 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 April 1 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 June 24 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 June 26 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 September 6 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 September 10 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 September 12 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1986 April 18 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1986 April 25 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • CWAS 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1987 March 24 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 August 14 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • COLDR Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T1 Bugatti 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NDRE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / Epsilon NEFS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T3 Total 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / Epsilon EXERT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 28 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / Epsilon EXERT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T4 Ferdinand74 Test / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T5 Total 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • NEFS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1988 May 3 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1988 May 10 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1989 March 18 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1989 March 22 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT13 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN1 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 09:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA Nitric oxide Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT50 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1990 February 28 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT62 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN2 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT73 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1990 March 9 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT76 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT84 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN3 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 March 22 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1990 May 29 - . 05:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC SPINRAC test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1991 April 25 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 April 30 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • CWAS 20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-B-P04 PEP B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-B-T05 TURBO B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-T13 TURBO A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-D14 DECIMALS A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-P17 PEP A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-D20 DECIMALS B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1991 September 17 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 30 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 October 3 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 October 4 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 March 12 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 March 15 - . 22:46 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 May 23 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 May 27 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 August 21 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 August 26 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 September 1 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 December 6 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 December 11 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 28 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 March 8 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 29 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 March 10 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 May 14 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 May 19 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 32 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 May 26 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aerospatiale test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 August 1 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SCT-06 (CONE) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC Decimals A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC Decimals B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1993 September 10 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 33 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 September 13 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 34 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 March 7 - . 09:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 June 22 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 July 16 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 July 28 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Echo 94 F-102 DUSTY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 July 31 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Echo 94 F-103 DUSTY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 August 12 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Echo 94 F-101 CONE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 August 19 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1994 August 20 - . 02:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1994 August 24 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1994 August 25 - . 01:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1994 September 12 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 September 15 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1995 March 15 - . 20:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
1995 March 19 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1995 March 27 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 38 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1995 July 26 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
1995 August 8 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
1996 August 12 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • HOMER Aeronomy / education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 June 16 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Cincinatti / OhioSGC Aeronomy / education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2000 May 17 - . 10:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SPIRIT 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

2000 June 13 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
2000 June 21 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
2002 May 10 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
2002 May 16 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.

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