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DLR
German agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Deutsche Agentur fuer Raumfahrtangelegenheiten, Cologne, Germany.

AKA: Deutsche Forschungsanstalt f\"{u}r Luft- und Raumfahrt,. Location: Koln.

German Space Agency



People: Schlegel, Flade, Thiele, Walter, Bruemmer, Ewald, Walpot. Country: Germany. Spacecraft: ROSAT, Safir satellite, ABRIXAS, CHAMP, GRACE, TerraSAR-X.

1964 April 20 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 20 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 14:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 16:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 24 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 24 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 27 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 27 - . 14:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 27 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 16:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 29 - . 10:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 29 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 29 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 30 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 30 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 30 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 14:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 16:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1967 April 7 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-1 Aurora / barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1967 April 8 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-2 Aurora / barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1967 October 23 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-7 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1967 December 5 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-6 Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1968 February 15 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1968 February 16 - . 10:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 February 17 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1968 March 20 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • MPE Barium release EXP-34 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1968 March 23 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-9 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 April 6 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-10 Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 June 12 - . 22:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-12 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1968 November 19 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • DLR K-BB3-14 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 December 3 - . 21:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • DLR K-BB3-16 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • DLR K-BB3-15 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 January 26 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • DLR N-J-19 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1970 January 30 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • DLR N-J-20 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1970 February 2 - . 23:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • DLR A-BBV-23 Synove Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1970 February 14 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • DLR A-BBV-24 Monica Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 February 14 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • DLR A-BBV-25 Evelyn Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1970 March 6 - . 02:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • DLR A-BBV-27 Chr'ine Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1970 March 8 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • DLR A-BBV-26 Inger Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1970 October 1 - . 13:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR N-NA-30 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 October 6 - . 13:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR N-NA-31 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 October 8 - . 13:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR N-NA-32 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 October 8 - . 14:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR N-NA-33 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 October 12 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR N-NA-34 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 October 22 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR N-NA-35 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 December 10 - . 16:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DLR W-NT-36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 December 16 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DLR W-NT-37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 January 14 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • DLR AB-GR-40 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: BAC, DLR. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1971 January 17 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MPE Barium release / Brigitte Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MPE Barium release / Erika Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi).

1972 February 3 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBV-42 Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1972 March 5 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISRO 21.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: DLR, ISRO. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1972 March 8 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBV-41 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1972 March 11 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISRO 21.02 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: DLR, ISRO. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1972 April 14 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1972 April 19 - . 12:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 April 21 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 April 28 - . 11:19 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1972 May 3 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 May 5 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1972 May 10 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 May 24 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 June 14 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 June 21 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 July 5 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1972 July 12 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 October 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: FFK. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR C-FFK-45 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 October 18 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1972 October 20 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 October 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: FFK. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR C-FFK-46 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 October 25 - . 12:08 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 November 18 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1973 January 10 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1973 January 19 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1973 January 20 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 January 22 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1973 January 24 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1973 January 25 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1973 January 27 - . 11:43 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1973 January 29 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 January 31 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 March 23 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1973 March 26 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1973 March 29 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1973 April 6 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1973 November 30 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1973 December 3 - . 11:39 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 11:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 7 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 11 - . 10:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 12 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1973 December 14 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1973 December 16 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1974 January 10 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1974 January 11 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 January 14 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 January 16 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 January 16 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DLR H-SD-60 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 January 19 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1974 January 21 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1974 January 25 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1974 May 7 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: FFK. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper.
  • DLR C-FFK-47 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1975 January 25 - . 13:33 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1975 January 30 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1975 February 5 - . 13:02 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1975 May 4 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1975 May 7 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1975 December 17 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1976 January 2 - . 14:59 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winter Anomaly Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Winter Anomaly B-IV-1 Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 6 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1976 January 9 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 12 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1976 January 14 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1976 January 20 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winter Anomaly Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1976 January 20 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Winter Anomaly Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winter Anomaly Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • INTA MNAE-7602 / BIV-2 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1976 January 22 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1976 January 23 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1976 January 26 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 28 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 February 5 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1976 February 5 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1976 February 8 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1976 February 8 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 March 10 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR H-BB4-74 Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1976 March 30 - . 20:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR K-AR-75 Porc. F1 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi).

1976 May 5 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1976 June 27 - . 08:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • DLR H-BB4B-76 Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1977 March 20 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • DLR K-AR-82 Porc. F2 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1979 October 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Natal 6 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 26 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Natal 6 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-C E6C Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-B Ferdinand 55 / Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-B E6A1 S10.12-1 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A Ferdinand 56 Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6A2 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6B Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Strafam 1 / 2 Technology / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1982 September 9 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Matagorda Island. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • Conestoga 1 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSI. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Launch vehicle using surplus Minuteman I components. The launch from Matagorda Island for was for publicity purposes and unrelated to Space Service's other planned launch vehicles, also named Conestoga..

1982 September 17 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Colored Bubbles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1982 September 18 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Colored Bubbles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1983 September 19 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: OTRAG. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Otrag Flight 18 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, OTRAG. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi). 1-3-B 4x9m Test mission.

1983 December 7 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 71 M-T 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 66 M-T 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 68 M-T 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1984 January 25 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 67 M-T 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 70 M-T 5 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 69 M-T 6 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 64 M-T 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 65 M-T 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 August 16 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3924.
  • AMPTE 2 - . Payload: AMPTE-IRM Ion Release Module 1. Mass: 605 kg (1,333 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: AMPTE. Decay Date: 1987-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 15200 . COSPAR: 1984-088B. Apogee: 113,818 km (70,723 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 27.0000 deg. Period: 2,653.40 min.

    Released barium, lithium ions into magnetosphere for detection by CCE, UKS. AMPTE-Ion Release Module, reg. no. D-R 002. Scientific research on the Earth's magnetosphere and plasma physics, in particular active experimentation by releasing ion clouds of lithium or barium (total of 7) in and outside the magnetosphere. Creation of a n artificial comet (1 barium cloud inside the magnetosheath). Diagnosis and experimentation in conjunction with the simultaneously launched satellites CCE (United States) and UKS (United Kingdom).


1985 February 15 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 February 22 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 February 17 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 2 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1987 May 6 - . 05:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • RASMUS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1987 June 10 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1987 June 12 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1987 June 15 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1987 June 15 - . 11:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C1 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1987 June 17 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1987 June 19 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1987 June 22 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1987 June 22 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C02 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 22 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C03 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C04 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C05 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C06 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C07 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 13:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C08 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 11:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C09 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 12:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C10 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C11 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 13:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C12 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 14:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1987 June 29 - . 11:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C13 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C14 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 23:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C15 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C16 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1987 July 3 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1987 July 6 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1987 July 8 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1987 July 10 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1987 July 13 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 08:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C17 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C18 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C19 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C20 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 12:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C21 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 13:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C22 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C23 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C24 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C25 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C26 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C27 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC-SINE S-C28 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1987 July 17 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1987 July 19 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1987 July 19 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T1 Bugatti 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NDRE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 13:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAC/EPSILON E-C4/L - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1987 October 17 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC/EPSILON E-C5/SL - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T3 Total 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T4 Ferdinand74 Test / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T5 Total 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1988 June 24 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Sodium-88 M-N01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 June 24 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Sodium-88 M-N02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 June 24 - . 22:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Sodium-88 M-N03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 June 24 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Sodium-88 M-N04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 June 24 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Sodium-88 M-N05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 June 29 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Sodium-88 M-N06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 July 4 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Sodium-88 M-N07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 July 12 - . 22:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Sodium-88 M-N08 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 July 12 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Sodium-88 M-N09 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 July 13 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Sodium-88 M-N10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 December 6 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • RASMUS 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1989 January 30 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 2 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1990 January 11 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 11 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 15 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1990 January 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1990 January 17 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 18 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 18 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 25 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 2 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1990 January 25 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 28 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 28 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 29 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 31 - . 20:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 1 - . 19:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1990 February 1 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 2 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD28 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 5 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1990 February 5 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD29 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 7 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 8 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 8 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD34 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 14 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC38 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1990 February 14 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC39 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1990 February 15 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD40 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 17 - . 20:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC42 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 19 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD44 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN1 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 06:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 06:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 22 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 22 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD46 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC48 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC51 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 26 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD53 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 1 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 1 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD56 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1990 March 1 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD57 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 5 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD59 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC60 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC63 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SISSI So1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN2 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • SISSI 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • RASMUS 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1990 March 7 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC66 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC67 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC32 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD69 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC33 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC70 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC71 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC75 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 9 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC78 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 19:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC81 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC85 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC87 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DAC88 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD89 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN3 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC39 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1990 March 14 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • DYANA DAD90 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 June 1 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6920-10.
  • ROSAT - . Mass: 2,426 kg (5,348 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ROSAT. Decay Date: 2011-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 20638 . COSPAR: 1990-049A. Apogee: 554 km (344 mi). Perigee: 539 km (334 mi). Inclination: 53.0000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. West German extreme UV, X-ray telescope; all-sky survey..

1990 July 25 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • SISSI 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1990 August 2 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • SISSI 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1990 August 2 - . 23:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1990 August 2 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

1991 February 3 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 3 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • RASMUS 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • SISSI 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 20:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-B-T05 TURBO B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • N-B-C07 PMSE (VCH28) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-T13 TURBO A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • N-A-C19 NLC (VCH42) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1991 September 17 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 18 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-C2 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1991 September 18 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-C3 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1991 September 18 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-S4 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1991 September 18 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-C5 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-C7 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-S8 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-C10 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-S11 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1991 September 27 - . 23:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • METAL/L-L12 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1991 September 30 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 30 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-C14 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 September 30 - . 21:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-S15 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1991 September 30 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-S16 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1991 October 3 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 October 3 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-C18 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 October 3 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-S19 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 October 3 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-S20 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1991 October 4 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 October 4 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-C22 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1991 October 4 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-S23 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 October 4 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-S24 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 October 4 - . 01:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • METAL/L-L25 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1992 April 23 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1992 June 3 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1992 August 18 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Testflug test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1992 November 8 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 717 km (445 mi). Microgravity experiments. Relaunch of the Maxu 1 mission..

1993 February 27 - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 3 / 21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1993 May 26 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aerospatiale test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC Decimals A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC Decimals B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1993 November 29 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1994 February 19 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RASMUS 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1994 May 3 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 2 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1994 July 28 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Echo 94 F-102 DUSTY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 July 31 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Echo 94 F-103 DUSTY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 August 12 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Echo 94 F-101 CONE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 November 3 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP3. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • CRISTA-SPAS - . Mass: 3,260 kg (7,180 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SPAS. Decay Date: 1994-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 23341 . COSPAR: 1994-073B. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 294 km (182 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.55 min. Released by STS-66 11/4/94; retrieved 11/12/95; atmospheric research..

1995 March 20 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1995 April 11 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1995 April 29 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 4 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1995 May 2 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1995 May 2 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 3 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1995 May 31 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1995 July 14 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test Orion 1 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1995 October 8 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Test Orion 2 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1995 November 20 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1995 November 23 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1995 November 28 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi).

1996 November 19 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP3. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • ORFEUS - . Payload: ASTRO-SPAS. Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ORFEUS. Decay Date: 1996-12-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 24661 . COSPAR: 1996-065B. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 346 km (214 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. Retrieved Dec 4.

1997 April 28 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • DLR AL-VS30-223 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, INPE. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1997 July 15 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 4 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • AND-22 TTS07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 7 - . 14:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP3. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • CRISTA - . Payload: ASTRO-SPAS. Mass: 3,230 kg (7,120 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: Bremen. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SPAS. Decay Date: 1997-08-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 24890 . COSPAR: 1997-039B. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 282 km (175 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Recaptured August 16..

1997 August 7 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • AND-22 TTS08 / TRAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 10 - . 23:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • AND-22 TTS09 / TRAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 11 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • AND-22 TTC10 / TRAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • AND-22 CRISTA TTS11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 14 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • AND-22 CRISTA TTC12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1997 September 8 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 October 9 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Mirka - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: Kayser-Threde. Class: Technology. Type: Re-entry test vehicle. Spacecraft: Mirka. Decay Date: 1997-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 25006 . COSPAR: 1997-060xx. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi). Perigee: 218 km (135 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Landed in Kazakstan Oct 23.

1997 October 12 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • DLR AL-VS30-226 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, INPE. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1997 October 30 - . 15:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 October 30 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1998 January 4 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 5 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 8 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 8 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 14 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 16 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS08 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 21 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS09 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 23 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 26 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC MERMAID Microgravity / education mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1998 January 26 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 28 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 30 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 31 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • DLR AL-VS30-229 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, INPE. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1998 February 1 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 4 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 6 - . 17:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 7 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 9 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 11 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1998 February 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 13 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 17 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 17 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 23 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 25 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 27 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 April 19 - . 13:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560/300 Mk II.
  • DEOS F05 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: DLR, ISRO. Apogee: 433 km (269 mi).

1998 July 10 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • SAFIR-2 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: Bremen. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Safir satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 25399 . COSPAR: 1998-043F. Apogee: 819 km (508 mi). Perigee: 815 km (506 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Relay satellite built by OHB System of Bremen..

1998 September 21 - . 14:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560/300 Mk II.
  • DEOS F07 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: DLR, ISRO. Apogee: 425 km (264 mi).

1998 September 28 - . 15:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560/300 Mk II.
  • DEOS F06 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: DLR, ISRO. Apogee: 422 km (262 mi).

1998 October 7 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1998 December 3 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1999 April 28 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • ABRIXAS - . Mass: 470 kg (1,030 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: Bremen. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ABRIXAS. USAF Sat Cat: 25721 . COSPAR: 1999-022A. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 393 km (244 mi). Inclination: 48.4500 deg. Period: 92.57 min. X-ray astronomy satellite with the mission to carry out an all-sky survey in the 1-10 keV band. The satellite's battery failed and contact was lost on May 1..

1999 May 26 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • DLR-Tubsat - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft: Tubsat. USAF Sat Cat: 25757 . COSPAR: 1999-029B. Apogee: 733 km (455 mi). Perigee: 712 km (442 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 99.20 min.

    DLR-Tubsat carried on the experimental work of Tubsat-A and -B. The satellite measured 32x32x32 cm and had a mass of 44.8 kg. The dechnology demonstrator conducted earth observation with 6 m resolution and conducted attitude control experiments. It was still in operation as of 2003.


1999 August 16 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 17 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 18 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 18 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 18 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 23 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 26 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 26 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 30 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 6 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 9 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 14 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 14 - . 11:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 16 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 18 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 20 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 22 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2000 July 15 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • CHAMP - . Mass: 522 kg (1,150 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: Jena. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: CHAMP. Decay Date: 2010-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 26405 . COSPAR: 2000-039B. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 409 km (254 mi). Inclination: 87.2591 deg. Period: 93.22 min. CHAMP was a geophysics research satellite operated by GFZ, Potsdam, to study the earth's magnetic and gravitational field..

2000 August 21 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • Baronesa Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: AEB, DLR. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

2001 February 19 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

2001 July 16 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

2001 July 19 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

2001 July 22 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 July 22 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 July 25 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 July 28 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 July 31 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 July 31 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 2 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 6 - . 09:38 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 9 - . 10:13 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 12 - . 10:16 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 17 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 17 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 20 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 20 - . 19:48 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 23 - . 10:09 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 27 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 28 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 28 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 29 - . 10:11 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 1 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 5 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 6 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 8 - . 10:24 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 11 - . 09:22 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 11 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 14 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 14 - . 10:16 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 14 - . 10:44 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 March 17 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. Launch Pad: LC133/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • GRACE 1 - . Payload: ESSP-2A, 'Tom'. Mass: 432 kg (952 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CHAMP. Spacecraft: GRACE. USAF Sat Cat: 27391 . COSPAR: 2002-012A. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 446 km (277 mi). Inclination: 89.0000 deg. Period: 93.70 min.

    First commercial flight of Rokot booster. Launch delayed from November 23-30, 2001, February 27, March 15 and 16. The Briz-KM upper stage ignited 5 minutes after launch and after a ten minute burn reached a 300 x 500 km orbit at about 0936 UTC. A second burn at 1042 UTC placed the satellites in a 483 x 506 km x 89 deg orbit; the two GRACE gravimetric satellites separated from the dispenser at 1047 UTC. A third Briz burn then lowered the rocket stage orbit to 146 x 487 km x 89 deg so that it would reenter quickly.

  • GRACE 2 - . Mass: 432 kg (952 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CHAMP. Spacecraft: GRACE. USAF Sat Cat: 27392 . COSPAR: 2002-012B. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 445 km (276 mi). Inclination: 89.0000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Gravimetry, Climatology first commercial flight delayed from November23-30, 2001, February27, March15 and 16. .

2002 June 28 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-SFS-01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-09 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MM-MI-12 Aeronomy / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MM-MI-24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MM-MI-25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-28 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-29 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 August 21 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-01 Roma-02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 August 21 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2002 August 24 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

2002 August 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 4 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 6 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 10 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 13 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-08 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 14 - . 10:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-09 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 17 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 20 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 20 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 26 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 29 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 30 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 4 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 7 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 7 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 7 - . 10:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-CH-21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 10 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 10 - . 10:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2003 June 11 - . 16:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Excalibur Target System.
  • MD08 / Excalibur Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2003 June 13 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Excalibur Target System.
  • MD09? / Excalibur Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2003 July 1 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • ROMA 2003 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2003 July 4 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • ROMA 2003 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2003 July 6 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • ROMA 2003 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2004 October 28 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS-2/ECOMA Education/Meteor mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

    The REXUS program was a joint project between the Swedish Space Corporation SSC, ESRANGE, and the Mobile Rocket Base (Moraba) of the German Aerospace Center DLR, conducted by newly founded EUROLAUNCH. The scientific payload capacity was shared between Swedish and German student experimenters. REXUS was considered as an annual sounding rocket program.


2005 January 18 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 Chaff Test Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWMM01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 12:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWMM02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • ROMA 2005 RWCH05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 14:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • ROMA 2005 RWCH08 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS09 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • ROMA 2005 RWCH11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • ROMA 2005 RWCH14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 21 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 25 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 25 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 25 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 25 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 July 4 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Excalibur Target System.
  • MD11 / Mini Dusty Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 October 27 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • SHEFEX Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

2005 December 1 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS EML-1/TEXUS 42 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

    This was the first launch of the Brazilian sounding rocket VSB-30, replacing the British Skylark, from Esrange. The speed when leaving the launcher was about 60 m/s and after 45 seconds of acceleration the max speed was over 200 m/s. During the flight the experiments onboard spent approximately 6 minutes of microgravity and all experiments worked successfully. The payload was brought back for analysis at Esrange by helicopter within one hour after landing.


2006 April 5 - . 05:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Education mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2006 May 10 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 43 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). The TEXUS 43 mission gave around six minutes of microgravity to the 407 kg payload contributed by five investigators from three different institutes.

2006 September 9 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 1 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: ARR, DLR. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2006 September 17 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 2 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: ARR, DLR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

2007 June 15 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • TerraSAR-X - . Mass: 1,346 kg (2,967 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Astrobus. Spacecraft: TerraSAR-X. USAF Sat Cat: 31698 . COSPAR: 2007-026A. Apogee: 510 km (310 mi). Perigee: 507 km (315 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 94.79 min. Scientific/commercial surveillance satellite. equipped with an X-band synthetic aperture radar with 1 meter resolution.

2007 August 3 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 3 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR, DLR. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

2008 October 22 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 4 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

2009 May 22 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • MAPHEUS - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Micrograv.

2010 October 27 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mapheus-2 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi). Microgravity payload..

2012 April 23 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • HiFire-5 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2012 September 13 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • HiFire-3 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi).

2013 June 26 - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • WADIS SL1 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 Jun 27? - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • WADIS SL2 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 Jun 27? - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • WADIS SL5 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 Jun 27? - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • WADIS SL3 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 Jun 27? - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • WADIS SL4 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 June 27 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • WADIS 1 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2013 Jun 28? - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • WADIS SL6 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 Jun 29? - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • WADIS SL7 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 Jun 30? - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • WADIS SL8 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 Jul 1? - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • WADIS SL9 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 Jul 2? - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • WADIS SL10 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 Jul 3? - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • WADIS SL11 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 September 18 - . 13:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • SCRAMSPACE 1 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).


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