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NTNF
Norwegian agency. Royal Norwegian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Norway.

AKA: Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Forskningsrad. Location: Oslo.



Country: Norway.

1962 August 18 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 December 11 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1962 December 14 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1965 March 3 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1965 March 15 - . 20:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 10 Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1965 March 16 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Sylvester I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1965 March 22 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 March 23 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Sylvester II Ionosphere/Chemical release mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1965 December 2 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Arcas I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 December 6 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Sylvester III Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1967 August 20 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Arcas V Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1967 August 25 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • Arcas III Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1967 October 9 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • Arcas IV Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1967 October 13 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • Arcas V Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1968 November 27 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 17 Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 07:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 16 Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1969 April 9 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 20 Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1969 November 26 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 21 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1969 November 30 - . 02:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
  • Arcas VII Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 March 8 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 24 Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1970 March 23 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 22 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1970 August 4 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
  • Arcas VIII Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1971 August 8 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 27 Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1972 March 22 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 28 Test / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 34 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 33 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1975 June 10 - . 13:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 42 Auroral mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • INTA MNAE-7602 / BIV-2 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1976 February 1 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 45 / Polar 5 Aurora / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1978 March 1 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 47 / Bugatti 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1978 March 1 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 48 / Trinom 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1980 January 24 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 50 / COROBIER Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1980 February 21 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • PULSAUR I Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1980 November 7 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 7 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 02:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • EBC-C E-4 Bugatti II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-C Ferdinand 57 / Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-C E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 02:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 12 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 12 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 15 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • EBC-B E-4 Bugatti II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-B Ferdinand 55 / Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-B E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 06:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 07:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 07:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 27 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • EBC-A E-4 Bugatti II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-A2 E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1982 October 5 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 4 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1982 October 23 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 3 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1982 December 1 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 2 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1982 December 14 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 1 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 71 M-T 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 66 M-T 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 68 M-T 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1984 January 25 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 67 M-T 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 70 M-T 5 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 73 M-M 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 69 M-T 6 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 72 M-M 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 64 M-T 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 65 M-T 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1994 February 9 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • PULSAUR-2 (F-92) Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).


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