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Salto di Quirra
Salto di Quirra
Salto di Quirra
Credit: © Mark Wade
Salto di Quirra, in southeast Sardinia near the town of Perdas de Fogu, is an inter-service missile test center operated by the Italian Air Force. It also supports sounding rocket launches and test of larger rockets in support of Italy's abandoned ballistic missile and on-and-of satellite launcher programs.

First Launch: 1961-01-12. Last Launch: 1992-03-18. Number: 131 . Location: San Lorenzo, Perdas de Fogu, Sardinia. Longitude: 9.6330 deg. Latitude: 39.5273 deg.

Notable were three campaigns of sounding rocket launches by CRA and NASA using Nike Asps and Nike Cajuns in 1961 and 1963. The original ESRO (European Space Research Organization) conducted launches of a wide range of sounding rockets from 1964 to 1972 (Skylarks, Centaures, Beliers, Zenits, and Swiss and German programs). Alfa experimental SLBM's were launched in 1973-75. A test of a version of the Scout rocket in 1992 was unsuccessful.



Subtopics

Salto di Quirra SL Scout launch complex. San Lorenzo pad

Family: Suborbital Launch Site. Country: Italy. Launch Vehicles: Nike Cajun, Skylark 1, Nike Asp, Nike Apache, Skylark 2, Belier I, Belier III, Centaure, Skylark 7C, Skylark 7, Dragon 1, Skylark 3, Skylark 3 AC, Skylark 2 AC, Skylark 4, Alfa, Scout II TV. Launch Sites: Salto di Quirra SL. Bibliography: 2, 572, 9527.

1961 January 12 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRA, NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1961 April 19 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 April 20 - . 03:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1961 April 20 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1961 April 20 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1961 September 7 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 September 8 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 September 8 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1962 December 11 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 May 20 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 April 20 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 20 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 14:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 16:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 24 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 24 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 27 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 27 - . 14:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 27 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 16:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 29 - . 10:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 29 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 29 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 30 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 30 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 30 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 14:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 16:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 July 6 - . 19:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • MPE Ba-7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1964 July 8 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • MPE Ba-8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1965 March 31 - . 14:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S03 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1965 April 3 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S03 / 2 (SE5) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1965 August 10 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • Ultraviolet photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1965 September 30 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • MPE Ba-12 / Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1965 October 2 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • MPE Ba-13 / Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1965 December 7 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C07 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 11 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C07 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1965 December 14 - . 12:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C06 / 1 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 June 16 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy / barium release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1966 June 18 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy / barium release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1966 June 20 - . 19:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S08 / 1 (SK7) Aeronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1966 June 28 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S08 / 2 (SK8) Aeronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1966 July 8 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S18 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 July 13 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S18 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1966 July 20 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • ESRO B12 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 July 25 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • ESRO B12 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 November 26 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S11 / 2 (SK16) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1967 May 22 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S11 / 1 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1967 May 25 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S05 / 2 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1967 September 27 - . 13:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S26 / 1 Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1967 October 4 - . 13:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S19 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1967 October 7 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S26 / 2 Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1967 October 10 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S19 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1967 October 27 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Zenit C.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Switzerland. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1968 May 8 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C33 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1968 May 14 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: CNES, ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1968 May 15 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C33 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1968 May 22 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO D30 / 2 Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1968 October 7 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • Ultraviolet telescope Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1968 November 22 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Solar BCS Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1968 December 3 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • Ultraviolet telescope Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1969 July 5 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S38 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1969 July 6 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S64 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1969 July 11 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S38 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1969 July 13 - . 19:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S64 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1969 October 24 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S68 / 1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1970 January 24 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
  • ESRO S56A / 1 Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 6 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2 AC.
  • ESRO S44 / 1 Stellar ultraviolet Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1970 March 22 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR S-CR-21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1970 June 22 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S68 / 2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1970 July 3 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
  • ESRO S63 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 July 8 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
  • ESRO S63 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 July 23 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
  • ESRO S56A / 2 Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1970 July 24 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
  • ESRO S65 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1970 July 27 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
  • ESRO S65 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1970 October 13 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • DLR S-CR-22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1970 December 6 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S69 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1971 February 6 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S80 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1971 February 6 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S80 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1971 February 7 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S80 / 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1971 February 26 - . 10:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S54 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1971 March 11 - . 08:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S55 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1971 March 25 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S56B / 1 Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1971 May 14 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
  • ESRO S56B / 2 Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1971 July 2 - . 10:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S73 Solar X-ray/Zodiacal mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1971 July 30 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Zenit C.
  • ESRO Z82/1 - . Nation: Italy. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1971 October 20 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S89 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1971 November 16 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S44 / 2 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1971 December 14 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S82/2 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1972 February 28 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S84 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1972 February 28 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S90 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1972 March 24 - . 23:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S75 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1972 March 30 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4.
  • ESRO S75 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1972 June 25 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S91 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1972 November 20 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S94 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa.
  • Spurious? - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). First test flight of Italian submarine- and ship-launched ballistic missile. Dummy second stage. Successful 57 second flight..

1974 Q4 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa.
  • Spurious? - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Second test flight of Italian submarine- and ship-launched ballistic missile. Dummy second stage..

1975 April 4 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa.
  • Spurious? - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Final test flight of Italian submarine- and ship-launched ballistic missile. Dummy second stage. Project cancelled after Italy ratified Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and decided to give up pursuit of an independent nuclear deterrent..

1975 September 8 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa.
  • Nation: Italy. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1975 October 23 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa.
  • Nation: Italy. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 April 6 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa.
  • Nation: Italy. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1992 March 18 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Complex: Salto di Quirra SL. Launch Pad: SL?. LV Family: Zefiro. Launch Vehicle: Scout II TV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).


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