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DFVLR
German agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Germany.

AKA: DFV. Location: Koln.



Country: Germany. Spacecraft: AEROS, Mirka.

1967 June 16 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • GRS Test Technology / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR, NASA. Apogee: 1,100 km (600 mi).

1967 June 17 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • GRS Test Technology / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR, NASA. Apogee: 991 km (615 mi).

1968 December 3 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVA.
  • DLR N-BB4 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1969 March 15 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-11 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1969 March 16 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-17 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-18 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1969 November 8 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B.
  • Azur - . Payload: GRS A. Mass: 71 kg (156 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: AZUR. USAF Sat Cat: 4221 . COSPAR: 1969-097A. Apogee: 2,127 km (1,321 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 102.7000 deg. Period: 110.50 min. German Research Satellite A; examined Van Allen belts, solar particles, aurora. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1970 March 15 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVA.
  • DLR A-BB4-28 Eva Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi).

1970 March 18 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVA.
  • DLR A-BB4-29 Gerda Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 665 km (413 mi).

1970 March 22 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR S-CR-21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1970 October 13 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • DLR S-CR-22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Zenit C.
  • DLR A-ZC-48 Astrik Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1972 December 16 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Aeros 1 - . Payload: GRS B. Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Aeros. Decay Date: 1973-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 6315 . COSPAR: 1972-100A. Apogee: 867 km (538 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 96.9000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1973 February 1 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBVC-52 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1973 February 3 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBVC-50? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1973 February 7 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBVC-54 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1973 February 15 - . 02:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBVC-53 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1973 May 12 - . 12:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR A-BBVC-51 Erna Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi).

1973 July 4 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR A-BBVC-49 Barbara Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1973 October 2 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2 AC.
  • DLR H-GR-57 Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy/Astrophysics mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1973 October 6 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC.
  • DLR H-GR-56 Optical astronomy / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1973 November 22 - . 21:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi).

1973 November 27 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC.
  • DLR H-GR-55 Optical astronomy / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1974 January 12 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC.
  • DLR H-GR-58 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1974 February 6 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • DLR A-BB4-63 Auroral mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi).

1974 July 16 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Aeros 2 - . Payload: Aeros B. Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Aeros. Decay Date: 1975-09-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7371 . COSPAR: 1974-055A. Apogee: 869 km (539 mi). Perigee: 224 km (139 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Upper atmospheric research. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1974 December 10 - . 07:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIE.
  • Helios 1 - . Mass: 370 kg (810 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: Helios. USAF Sat Cat: 7567 . COSPAR: 1974-097A.

    A Titan IIIE/Centaur launched from Cape Canaveral boosted the United States-West German HELIOS spacecraft into heliocentric orbit as a solar probe to investigate the properties and processes of solar/terrestrial relationships. This was the first completely successful flight of the Titan IIIE/Centaur booster combination. Solar probe. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Launched by the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany. Helios A (Helios I). Heliocentric orbit 190 days, 0.309 x 0.985 AU x 0 deg. Exploration of the interplanetary space between the earth and the sun and study of solar influences on that area.


1974 December 17 - . 10:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • DLR G-BB4-64 PolCusp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR G-BB4-65 PolCusp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 December 19 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • Symphonie 1 - . Payload: Symphonie MV1. Mass: 221 kg (487 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES, DFVLR. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Symphonie. Completed Operations Date: 1983-08-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 7578 . COSPAR: 1974-101A. Apogee: 35,893 km (22,302 mi). Perigee: 35,853 km (22,277 mi). Inclination: 14.9000 deg. Period: 1,440.50 min.

    Experimental commsat. Jointly registered by the Federal Republic of Germany (A/AC.105/INF.305) and France (A/AC.105/INF.306). Symphonie flying model no. 1, constructed jointly by France and the Federal Republic of Germany. Description: Experimental teleco mmunications satellite. Orbit: geostationary. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 11 deg W in 1975-1977; over the Indian Ocean 49 deg E in 1977-1983 As of 25 August 2001 located at 179.98 deg E drifting at 1.086 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 72.77E drifting at 1.184W degrees per day.


1975 January 11 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • DLR G-BB4-66 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1975 March 14 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • DLR W-GR-67 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 August 27 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • Symphonie 2 - . Payload: Symphonie MV2. Mass: 398 kg (877 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES, DFVLR. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 100. Completed Operations Date: 1985-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 8132 . COSPAR: 1975-077A. Apogee: 35,873 km (22,290 mi). Perigee: 35,866 km (22,286 mi). Inclination: 12.7000 deg. Period: 1,440.40 min.

    Jointly registered by the Federal Republic of Germany (A/AC.105/INF.329) and France (A/AC.105/INF.330). Symphonie flying model no II. Experimental telecommunications satellite. Orbit: geostationary. Also registered by the United Stat es in A/AC.105/INF.331 as 1975-77A, category C, with orbit 1427.4 min, 35364 x 35870 km x 0.0 deg Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 11 deg W in 1975-1985 As of 1 September 2001 located at 164.06 deg W drifting at 1.071 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 167.97E drifting at 1.046W degrees per day.


1975 October 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1975 October 9 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • DLR H-GR-68 (Astro 7) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Winter Anomaly B-II-1 Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1976 January 15 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIE.
  • Helios 2 - . Mass: 376 kg (828 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: Helios. USAF Sat Cat: 8582 . COSPAR: 1976-003A.

    A Titan HIE carrying a West German Helios payload was successfully launched from LC-41, Eastern Test Range. Solar probe. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


1976 January 21 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Winter Anomaly B-II-2 Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1976 January 27 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR K-GR-73 Technology mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1977 January 22 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • DLR A-GR-78 Eveline Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 277 km (172 mi).

1977 February 8 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • DLR A-GR-79 Silvia Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1977 February 20 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • DLR A-GR-80 Georgine Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1977 March 14 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-83 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1977 March 16 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • DLR A-GR-81 Christ. Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1977 June 10 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Heatpipe 2 Technology mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1977 October 13 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • T / NL 3A Dagmar Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi).

1977 November 2 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • T / NL 1B Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi).

1977 December 13 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1978 January 30 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • T / NL 4C Gitti Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 540 km (330 mi).

1978 January 30 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • T / NL 2D Susanne Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi).

1978 February 2 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • A-OR-90 Orion 1 Range test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1978 June 12 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • Astro 8-2 X-ray astronomy / microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi).

1978 September 13 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • K-OR-91 Range test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1978 November 16 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 2 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1979 February 22 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Astro 4-2 X-ray Astronomy Telescope mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1979 March 13 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • Astro 4-1 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1979 March 21 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Rigel. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Spread F Barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1979 March 22 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Rigel. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A).
  • Spread F Barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1979 October 12 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Complex: Natal MAN. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12 AC.
  • Astro-Hel Far ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 829 km (515 mi).

1980 April 28 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 3A Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC E7 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • EBC-B E2 (ENERGY EB1) Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC E7 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1981 April 30 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 3B Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1981 May 8 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 4 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1981 November 14 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • EBC81 E2 (ENERGY EB2) Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • EBC81 E8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC81 E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1982 April 29 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1982 May 8 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1983 April 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1983 May 5 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 7 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1983 May 13 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 8 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi).

1983 November 30 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 01L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 2 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 3 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 01A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 December 3 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 02L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1983 December 6 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 6 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 18:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 02A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 20:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 03L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 8 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1983 December 10 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 04L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 10 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 03A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1983 December 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1983 December 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 04A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1983 December 15 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 05A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1983 December 15 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 05L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 16 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1983 December 16 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1983 December 17 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 06A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1983 December 19 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1983 December 19 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1983 December 21 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 07A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1983 December 21 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 06L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 21 - . 21:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 07L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 28 - . 08:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 08A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 28 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 09A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 29 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1983 December 29 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1983 December 29 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 08L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 31 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1983 December 31 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 10A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1983 December 31 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 11A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1984 January 2 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1984 January 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 12A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1984 January 4 - . 20:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 09L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1984 January 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 21:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 13A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1984 January 7 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 10L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1984 January 8 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 12 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 12 - . 17:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1984 January 12 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 14A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1984 January 12 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 15A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1984 January 12 - . 20:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 16A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1984 January 12 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 11L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 19:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 21:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 22:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 17A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1984 January 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 15 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 12L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1984 January 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1984 January 18 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 18A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1984 January 20 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 28 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 29 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 11:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 32 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 13:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 33 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 14:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 19A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1984 January 24 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 34 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 24 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 January 24 - . 19:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 20A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1984 January 25 - . 16:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1984 January 25 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 25 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 21A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1984 January 27 - . 19:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • CAESAR I Auroral mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1984 January 28 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 38 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1984 January 28 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 22A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 23A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 39 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 40 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1984 February 3 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 24A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1984 February 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 41 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1984 February 6 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 25A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1984 February 7 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 42 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1984 February 9 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 26A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1984 February 9 - . 02:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1984 February 9 - . 03:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 43 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 27A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 44 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • MAP / WINE M-I 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 45 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 46 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1984 February 11 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 28A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1984 February 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 47 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1984 February 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 29A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1984 February 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 48 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 49 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 50 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 02:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 30A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 51 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 52 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 01:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 31A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 02:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 53 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-C 18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 54 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 55 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 10:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 32A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • M-F 56 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 20 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 21 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1984 February 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1984 February 23 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1984 May 3 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 9 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1984 May 15 - . 07:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 10 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1985 January 30 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • CAESAR 2 Auroral mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 703 km (436 mi).

1985 March 3 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Interzodiak 1 Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1985 April 27 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 11 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 266 km (165 mi).

1985 May 6 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 12 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1985 May 14 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 5 Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1986 April 30 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 13 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1986 May 12 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 14A Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 May 3 - . 03:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 14B Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 May 9 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • TEXUS 15 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1987 August 24 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 D. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • Supernova X-ray telescope mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1987 November 23 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • TEXUS 16 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1988 May 9 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • Testflug (BAE 1) test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1988 September 3 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • Interzodiak 2 Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 857 km (532 mi).

1988 November 26 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ROSE I Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1988 November 28 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 19 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1988 December 2 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 20 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1988 December 5 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ROSE II Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1989 February 7 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ROSE III Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1989 February 9 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ROSE IV Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).


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