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Science and Applications Manned Space Platform

SAMSP

SAMSP
This illustration from 1981 depicts the assembly of a large telecommunications antenna (right) at the Science & Applications Manned Space Platform.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos

American manned space station. Study 1980. While NASA/Johnson was studying the Space Operations Center concept, the Marshall Space Flight Center was lobbying for its own station -- the Science and Applications Manned Space Platform (SAMSP).

Status: Study 1980.

MSFC envisioned a series of cheap 'platforms' costing only $500 million that could be outfitted for different missions. One mission would be to service spacecraft such as the Hubble Space Telescope. The platform would provide power, communications, thermal control and other services for standard Shuttle payload experiments -- it essentially served as a surrogate Shuttle payload bay. SAMSP could gradually evolve into a manned space station by adding pressurized crew modules derived from Spacelab. Initially, SAMSP would have a crew of three to four astronauts.

NASA/Marshall issued a number of Science and Applications Manned Space Platform contracts to McDonnell-Douglas and TRW in 1980. A 1981 unmanned TRW platform design carried three Spacelab unpressurised experiment pallets, including a space telescope. Two large solar panel 'wings' generated power while the radiator dumped excess heat produced by the experiments. The unmanned TRW platform could be customized for different missions. The TRW platform could be transformed into a human-tended microgravity laboratory by adding Spacelab pressurized modules. These would contain sensitive experiments and be replaced at regular intervals by visiting Space Shuttles.

Article by Marcus Lindroos



Family: Space station, USA - Space Stations. Country: USA. Launch Vehicles: Space Shuttle. Agency: NASA, NASA Huntsville.
Photo Gallery

Space Platform - TRWSpace Platform - TRW
Science and Applications Manned Space Platform
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos


SAMSPSAMSP
SAMSP could gradually evolve into a manned space station by adding pressurized crew modules derived from Spacelab. McDonnell-Douglas illustration from 1981.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos


Space Platform-1981Space Platform-1981
Early 1980s Space Station Study (Rockwell). Two space station proposals by Rockwell International. The initial design would consist of only a few modules.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos


SAMSP TRWSAMSP TRW
SAMSP. The TRW platform could be transformed into a human tended microgravity laboratory by adding Spacelab pressurized modules. These contain sensitive experiments which are replaced on regular intervals by visiting Space Shuttles (bottom).
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos


SAMSP TRWSAMSP TRW
SAMSP. NASA/Marshall issued a number of Science & Applications Manned Space Platform contracts to McDonnell-Douglas and TRW in 1980. This TRW illustration from 1981 depicts a unmanned platform being serviced by a Space Shuttle.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos


SAMSP / HSTSAMSP / HST
SAMSP and Hubble Space Telescope. This illustration shows three SAMSPs in different Earth orbits. One mission would be to service spacecraft such as the Hubble Space Telescope (bottom)
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos


SAMSP TRWSAMSP TRW
SAMSP. This unmanned TRW platform from 1981 carries three Spacelab unpressurised experiment pallets, including a space telescope. Two large solar panel "wings" generate power while the radiator on top radiates away excess heat produced by the experiments.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos


SAMSPSAMSP
Space Platform - TRW. The unmanned TRW platform could be customized for different missions.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos


SAMSP 1981SAMSP 1981
SAMSP. This McDonnell-Douglas illustration from 1980 depicts the basic unmanned platform equipped with a small Spacelab telescope pallet. The platform would provide power, communications, thermal control and other services for standard Shuttle payload experiments -- it essentially served as a surrogate Shuttle payload bay.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos


SAMSP 1982SAMSP 1982
SAMSP. This TRW illustration from 1982 depicts two astronauts doing repairs outside the Science & Applications Manned Space Platform.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos



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