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Sonde Stromfjord
Sonde Stromfjord
Sonde Stromfjord
Credit: © Mark Wade
The Danish Meteorological Institute established this sounding rocket range in 1971. The site was located next to an airport at the end of the fjord and was only occupied during launch campaigns. The location was well-suited for observation of the Arctic aurora and ionosphere.

First Launch: 1971-08-22. Last Launch: 1987-03-31. Number: 31 . Location: Kangerlussuaq. Longitude: -50.6005 deg. Latitude: 67.0236 deg.



Subtopics

Sonde Stromfjord HAD3 HAD Launcher No 3

Sonde Stromfjord HAD HAD Launcher

Sonde Stromfjord DL Danish Launcher

Sonde Stromfjord MRL MRL Launcher

Sonde Stromfjord T Test Launcher

Family: Suborbital Launch Site, Tomahawk Sandia. Country: Greenland. Launch Vehicles: Nike Apache, Nike Tomahawk, Petrel 1, Black Brant IVB, Terrier Malemute, Black Brant 8C, Taurus Orion, Taurus Tomahawk, Black Brant X, Black Brant IX, Taurus Nike Tomahawk. Launch Sites: Sonde Stromfjord HAD3, Sonde Stromfjord HAD, Sonde Stromfjord DL, Sonde Stromfjord MRL, Sonde Stromfjord T. Agency: USAF. Bibliography: 2, 580.

1971 August 22 - . 02:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Denmark. Agency: DMI. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1971 August 24 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Denmark. Agency: DMI. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1974 July 2 - . 12:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1974 July 8 - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 December 17 - . 10:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • DLR G-BB4-64 PolCusp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1974 December 17 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 17 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR G-BB4-65 PolCusp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1975 January 11 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • DLR G-BB4-66 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1976 August 22 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • CUSP II Plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 August 27 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1985 January 23 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • COPE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 January 23 - . 09:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • COPE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 769 km (477 mi).

1985 February 10 - . 02:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • ARCS 3 Plasma / active mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1985 February 10 - . 02:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • TOPAZ I Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 816 km (507 mi).

1985 March 5 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1985 March 15 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • PIIE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 429 km (266 mi).

1985 March 20 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 March 20 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1987 February 26 - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • POLAR ARC / COPE II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi).

1987 February 26 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1987 March 5 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1987 March 5 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1987 March 21 - . 06:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • COPE II (POLAR ARC) Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi).

1987 March 21 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • COPE II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1987 March 21 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • COPE II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1987 March 31 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • COPE II Main Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 436 km (270 mi).

1987 March 31 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • COPE II Super 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 467 km (290 mi).

1987 March 31 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • COPE II Super 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 441 km (274 mi).


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